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"Malingering is diagnosed if the person is intentionally producing or grossly exaggerating physical symptoms and is motivated by external incentives such as avoiding work or obtaining financial compensation" (Butcher, et al., 2014). Unlike in clinical settings, forensic psychology professionals are more likely to face clients who malinger by faking true symptoms of a disorder. Therefore, it is imperative that a forensic psychology professional has a good understanding of malingering and its impact on secondary gains for the client in forensic settings. These secondary gains may be avoiding trial or being found not guilty by the courts due to insanity.

a summary of malingering, and why you think criminal defendants might be inclined to malinger. Discuss the benefits and limitations of tools forensic psychology professionals use to determine if a criminal defendant is malingering. Finally, explain the major differences in the roles of therapeutic and forensic psychology.

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Dear Student,
Hi and thank you for using Brainmass. The solution below should get you started. In this particular task, you are asked to explain what malingering is all about. I suggest making your answer simple using this outline:

1. About malingering - 150 words
2. Iterations, Causes - 150 words
3. Useful tools - 150 words
4. Therapeutic vs. Forensic Psychology - 150 words

This outline should yield around 600 words which should cover what you need. Just let me know via the feedback section if you need further clarification. You can also use the listed resources to further explore the topic. All the best with your studies.

AE 105878/Xenia Jones


What is malingering? According to the American Psychiatric Association (2000) has defined Malingering as "the intentional production of false or grossly exaggerated physical or psychological symptoms motivated by external incentives..." Essentially, malingering is not seen as a psychological condition (Conroy and Kwartner, 2006) but an intent wherein the reward is to achieve a particular diagnosis which in turn is seen as beneficial to the cause or goals of the individual deemed to be 'malingering'. When an individual is malingering therefore, especially in the case of experts doing the examination and suspecting the 'client' or individual examined as malingering, it is important to establish volition and motivation (external). According to Cronin (2014), with the nature of psychology, especially therapeutic psychology being avowed to provide help as well as relief, the nature of a client-expert/counselor relationship is thus trusting wherein it is expected that the clients are disclosing as truthfully as possible for only then can they find the most effective help and treatment for their condition. But forensic psychology is different in that it operates within the framework of the law, made more complicated, in certain cases, by the rewards (and benefits) being evaluated as a particular kind of 'insane' (Cronin, 2014) provides in relation to court investigations, arguments, ...

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The solution provides information, assistance and advise in tackling the task (see above) on the topic of malingering. Resources are listed for further exploration of the topic.

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Case Review: Malingering

•Review the case study taking note of ethical issues in the case.

Case Study
As the forensic psychology professional conducting an evaluation for the Court on an individual with a referral question of "insanity," you have obtained the following information:
He is a 24-year-old black, male who is charged with child sexual abuse. His mother is a known prostitute who is addicted to crack cocaine. The defendant has a previous diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia and you concur with the diagnosis. However, your evaluation brings you to the conclusion that, although he has a severe mental disease (i.e. paranoid schizophrenia) at the time he allegedly molested an eight-year-old male neighbor, he understood what he was doing and that it was wrong, both morally and legally. You also learn the defendant has hepatitis C, and he admits to previously molesting per-pubescent boys. On a test for malingering where he is asked to remember the following and shown the items for 10 seconds and then reproduce it in writing:
6 7 8 9
g b c d
The defendant states he is unable to remember any of the items. You know that even the most impaired individuals can remember nine of the 16 items. Scores below nine indicate feigning memory issues. The defendant demonstrates a consistent pattern of malingering on his test results and with his behavior. You over-hear him discussing during a phone call that he is doing a "good job" of "fooling these doctors." You also suspect, given your extensive evaluation, that, if released, he will predate (be a predator) prey on future pre-pubescent males. You find out that he has two younger brothers, one of which you learn was sexually molested while in a foster home.

describe the ethical dilemmas that you chose from case study.
•Explain what information you might include/exclude in your report or testimony and the reasoning behind why you chose to include/exclude particular information.
•Explain which ethical code and guidelines you might you be violating or might be in question given the information that you included in the report or testimony. Be sure to cite specific codes and guidelines.
•Explain the implications/consequences of the information that you divulge in your report or testimony.
•Share an insight(s) or draw a conclusion(s) about report writing and testimony in Forensic Psychology settings

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