In psychological assessment, when someone is dishonest when completing a questionnaire or answering interview questions, we often conclude that they are malingering. Some individuals being assessed by a psychologist may malinger (intentionally be dishonest) in order to gain something or perhaps to avoid something. You mentioned that employers take steps to identify the accuracy of an applicant's self-reported history. Some psychological tests have what are referred to as lie scales. A lie scale is based on a set of questions within the test that, if answered in certain ways, suggest that the person may be answering dishonestly. An example of a possible lie scale question might be "I have never told a lie" or "I always obeyed my parents." Now, if someone answers "true" to only one or two such items, that would not be indicative of anything. However, if someone answer "true" to most or all such items on a questionnaire, we might begin to suspect that he or she is being dishonest in order to present himself or herself in a more favorable light.
I do not necessarily agree that the person is being dishonesty (malingering) intentional and trying to get something out of it. People answer dishonestly on psychological assessments for numerous of reasons. Yes one of those reasons may be that they are hiding something or trying to put ...
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