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Multicultural Counseling

Identify two of the following challenges in Multicultural counseling. Explain the challenges and discuss why each is a vital consideration in the process of the identification and treatment of mental health issues such as:

a. Social Class
b. Gender
c. Sexual Orientation
d. Religion/Spiritual Belief System
e. Prejudice/Racism
f. Any other issues not identified here but significant

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Hi,

Interesting question. Let's take a closer look at information form various sources. I also attached three supporting articles, some of which this response is drawn.

RESPONSE:

1. Multicultural Counseling. Identify two of the following challenges in Multicultural counseling. Explain the challenges and discuss why each is a vital consideration in the process of the identification and treatment of mental health issues (prejudice/racism; multiracial issues).

Multiculturalism has been defined as the fourth force in psychology. It complements the psychodynamic, behavioral and humanistic explanations of human behavior. One definition of multiculturalism as "a wide range of multiple groups without grading, comparing, or ranking them as better or worse than one another and without denying the very distinct and complementary or even contradictory perspectives that each group brings with it" (Pedersen, 1991, p. 4, as cited in Locke, 1993). Many multicultural issues impact the counseling outcome, which present challenges for the counselor. To combat these challenges, multicultural counseling requires the recognition of: (1) the importance of racial/ethnic group membership on the socialization of the client; (2) the importance of and the uniqueness of the individual; (3) the presence of and place of values in the counseling process; and (4) the uniqueness of learning styles, vocational goals, and life purposes of clients, within the context of principles of democratic social justice (Locke, 1986, as cited in Locke, 1993, attached for convenience: Multicultural Counseling.doc).

Let's look at prejudice/racism and multiracial issues and discuss why each is a vital consideration in the process of the identification and treatment of mental health issues. Although they are similar, they have different counseling issues to address.

1. Prejudice/Racism

Underlying assumptions about a cultural group, personal stereotypes or racism, and traditional counseling approaches may signal acceptance to white culture. Identification of specific white cultural values and their influence on counseling will help to counter the challenges and effects of this framework (Katz, 1985, as cited in Bolton-Brownlee, 1987). Assuming that ...

Solution Summary

This solution identifies and explains two challenges (e.g. prejudice/racism, etc.) in Multicultural counseling and discusses why each is a vital consideration in the process of the identification and treatment of mental health issues. Supplemented with articles for further research on multicultural issues in counseling. References provided in APA format.

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