Do internal and external sources need to be complementary in order for motivation to occur?
1. Do internal and external sources need to be complementary in order for motivation to occur?
The relationship is complex, and intrinsic and extrinsic sources are complementary with some people and in some situations (Beswick, 2002, 2007). Recent research however, has shown that extrinsic sources actually suppress intrinsic sources of motivation (Eisenberger & Cameron, 1996) , but not in all circumstances. In fact, the original report of an experiment which led to many others showing that extrinsic rewards, like pay and status, when associated with outcomes of interesting tasks tend to suppress the operation of intrinsic motivation, was published by Deci in 1971 (Deci 1975). He found that if people are paid to do something they would otherwise have done out of interest they will be less likely to do it in future without being paid. Evidence of reduced motivation was found in their being less likely to return to the task when free to do so. There has been some controversy in the literature in the past decade concerning the generality of this effect in recently published meta-analyses.
For example, meta-analyses of a large number of studies have been published by Cameron and Pierce (1994) and Eisenberger and Cameron (1996) who approached the subject from a "behaviourist?perspective. Their ...
This solution examines if internal and external sources need to be complementary in order for motivation to occur. Research validated and references in APA format.