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Long-term anxiety

The article attached: (Burt Obradovic) is the article I need help with and will be coupled with another article (see hyperlink: Twenge) that is on how and why anxiety has increased in children and adults over the years. I will leave the hyperlink to the Twenge article in case it is needed.
I have already addressed the Twenge article; just need help with the attached Burt Obradovic article.

The topic of the final paper, overall, is about how exposure to high levels of anxiety causes a future conditioned emotional response such as social incompetence.

Need help with:

Respond to the following questions for the article:

a. Use APA format

b. Summarize article. For the article it is helpful to respond to the following questions:
i. what (was done)
ii. target population of the research - who were they discussing
iii. how (was it done)
iv. what were the findings
v. contributions/recommendations that may have been made regarding the findings

c. Worth of article? Findings (was it an article that helped support the
selected topic area? Was it well written? Did it reveal new ideas, findings, etc., regarding the topic article?).

d. What was found overall (general statements of the findings). Be inclusive.

e. Knowledge, skills, insights overall that were gained.

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Solution Preview

Let's take a closer look at each section to help get you started on this interesting assignment. I also attached an APA sample paper for you to refer to for your final copy.


The article examined associations among internalizing, externalizing, and social competence in a longitudinal cohort 8-12 year old children reassessed after 7, 10, and 20 years.

Specifically, the study examined "the longitudinal links among social competence, externalizing problems, and internalizing problems across four developmental periods (childhood to young adulthood) in a longitudinal school-based sample." (2) Social competence was defined as " how well one functions in relation to other people, particularly with respect to getting along with others and forming close relationships" (2).

What was target population of the research? The target population was a sample of 205 children (56% female, 29% ethnic minority) that was "recruited from two elementary schools in a diverse urban neighborhood. The children were 8 to 12 years old (T1, childhood), who were followed up 7 years (T2, adolescence), 10 years (T3, emerging adulthood), and 20 years (T4, adulthood) after the onset of the study. Socioeconomic status among participating families ranged from 7 to 92 on the 100-point Duncan index, with a mean of 43 (equivalent to skilled labor or clerical position). Ethnic minority breakdown of the sample, including biracial children, was 18% African-American, 7% American Indian, 3% Hispanic, and 1% Asian. The sample also included data from 26 sibling pairs."(p. 12)

The authors proposed several hypothesis and expected outcomes, including:

? that social competence would be related (negatively) to internalizing problems at the outset of the study and show unique predictive effects for internalizing problems (also negative) during the first ...

Solution Summary

Long-term anxiety ramifications are noted.