When comparing the numerous theories and definitions of intelligence, and thinking about how they contribute to modern views of intelligence, please help me with developing an explanation of how two historical and/or current definitions of intelligence have influenced current assessment tools (this is as changing definitions of intelligence have shaped today's cognitive assessment tools. Please provide specific examples.
Good Afternoon. I will be glad to assist you on this issue with how two definitions of intelligence have shaped current cognitive assessment tools.
The specific definition of intelligence has been challenging to describe over the years because the different types of intelligences has increased. Howard Garner Ph D. defined 9 different types of intelligences, (Verbal, Visual, Physical, Musical, Mathematical, Introspective, Interpersonal, Spatial, and Naturalistic.)
However, I know you only asked for 2 historical forms of intelligence. For the sake of practicality, the two most widely measured forms of intelligences that appear in American History are Verbal and Performance.
-Origins of modern testing
Modern day intelligence tests are based off of the original intelligence tests (in the early 1900's) that relied on subjects to have verbal and written skills to be administered. Origins of today's testing can be traced to Alfred Binet, who created the Binet-Simon (1905) in France as a means to accurately assess children with intellectual deficiencies. Thus a certain level of verbal intelligence needed to already be present in a subject to obtain high scores (biased test). ...
How intelligence by definition has been influenced testing methodologies are determined.