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Environment and heredity contributions to intelligence

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What is your personal definition of intelligence? Also, explain how environment and heredity contribute to intelligence and its development. Finally, explain how intelligence influences physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional development.

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Solution Summary

This solution discusses intelligence, and explain how environment and heredity contribute to the development of intelligence.

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(1) What is your personal definition of intelligence?

Throughout history, researchers have used many methods to define intelligence. My personal definition of intelligence is having the capacity understand and learn. Researchers have used numerous methods to define and measure intelligence. For example, the psychometric approach defines intelligence as measuring or quantifying factors such as verbal comprehension, memory ability, perceptual speed and reasoning. The information-processing approach defines intelligence by identifying specific mental processes to solve problems. Factor analysis is focused on abilities to define intelligence (Cohen & Swerdlik, 2005). Some of the views as summarized by Cohen & Swerdlik are listed below of scientists who have used various methods to assess intelligence: David Wechsler defined intelligence as the aggregate or global capacity of the individual to act purposefully, think rationally and deals effectively with the environment; and Jean Piaget - viewed intelligence as an evolving ...

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