Explore BrainMass
Share

Explore BrainMass

    Behavior, Mental Processes and Arbitration Process

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    1. Each founder of psychology focused on a different aspect of behavior and mental processes. Did they choose important questions? If you had been one of the founders, on which topic do you think you would have focused?

    2.During a brainstorming session, a coworker disagrees with every idea you suggest. Depending on the attribution process you use, what are some of the ways you could explain this episode of disagreement?

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 9, 2019, 6:57 pm ad1c9bdddf
    https://brainmass.com/psychology/abnormal-psychology/behavior-mental-processes-arbitration-process-103247

    Solution Preview

    Psychology, Other
    Year 3

    Hi,
    Let's take a closer look at these interesting questions!

    Intro to Psychology
    1. Each founder of psychology focused on a different aspect of behavior and mental processes. Did they choose important questions? If you had been one of the founders, on which topic do you think you would have focused?
    Each founder of psychology did choose important questions according to the assumptions underlying their theory of the mind and human experiences. Wilhelm Wundt (structuralism) and William James (functionalism) are usually thought of as the fathers of psychology, as well as the founders of psychology's first two great "schools"- structuralism and functionalism. Each school of thought posed different questions http://www.ship.edu/~cgboeree/wundtjames.html
    A. Structuralism (Wundt and others)
    The first paradigm of psychology was 'functionalism'. Wundt defined psychology as the study of the structure of conscious experience. The goal was to find the 'atoms' of conscious experience, and from there to build a knowledge of how the atoms combine to create our experience. Wundt hoped to thus emulate the success of the natural sciences. http://www.psych.utah.edu/gordon/Classes/Psy4905Docs/PsychHistory/Cards/Wundt.html
    According to Wundt, mental processes are an activity of the brain, and not material. Wundt accepted Spinoza's metaphysics of parallelism and spent a great deal of effort refuting reductionism. He believed that consciousness and its activities simply did not fit the paradigms of physical science -- even though psychology emerges from biology, chemistry, and physics. With that emergence, consciousness has gained a certain capacity for creative synthesis -- another of Wundt's key concepts. Although consciousness operates "in" and "through" the physical brain, its activities cannot be described in terms of chemistry or physics. http://www.ship.edu/~cgboeree/wundtjames.html
    Some questions posed by Wundt and other structuralists were:
    a. What is ...

    Solution Summary

    Each founder of psychology focused on a different aspect of behavior and mental processes. This solution discusses the theoretical concepts and if the theorists choose important questions to focus. Referring to a brainstorming session, a coworker disagrees with every idea another member suggests, this solution discusses the attribution process and some of the ways a person could explain this episode of disagreement.

    $2.19