There are two definitive paths to terrorism; the "top-down process" and the "bottom-up process" (CSIS, 2007, in your course materials folder). Unfortunately, due to certain laws, civil rights, and civil liberties, many potential terrorists are too far down the path and well on their way to becoming full-fledged terrorists by the time intelligence agencies are aware of them.
Discuss these paths to terrorism. What are some of the critical elements in these models? What are some of the keys to interdicting these paths? Is one easier to identify and interdict than the other? Are there other models?
To fully understand the various dimensions of Islamic terrorism, compare and contrast Hezbollah's and Al-Qaida's motivations and actions. Is one easier to defend morally / legally than the other or are both equally evil?
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OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
Paths to Terrorism
In the 2007 CSIS Congressional Forum on Islam, Prof. Mohammed Hafez argued that there is no one path to terrorism/radicalization. For him, there are many entryways and they are influenced by a number of variables including personality types. He proposed that there are 3 different kinds of radicals - idealists, true believers, and reformed sinners. Idealists are radicalized via identification with the images of suffering/humiliated Muslims and take on the cause of jihad/holy war while true believers have always believed in jihad and only require a minimal trigger towards radicalization (i.e. the 2003 Iraq Invasion). Lastly, reformed sinners are the radicals who have led a secular life as immigrants in Europe or the US (enjoying a ...
The solution is a 623-word essay that discusses the "top-down process" and the "bottom-up process" considered as the 2 min paths to terrorism. References are listed. A word version fo the solution is attached for easy printing and download.