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Task Interdependence and Rules

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Task interdependence means that straightforward rules, procedures, and methods apply to the job.

True or false

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Solution Summary

This solution provides an explanation about why Task Interdependence does not mean that straightforward rules, procedures, and methods apply to the job.

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Task interdependence can be thought of as having 3 types or forms, (1) pooled interdependence, (2) sequential interdependence, and (3) reciprocal interdependence.

1. Pooled Task Interdependence

Pooled interdependence occurs when 2 individuals function with relative independence but their combined output contributes to the group's or organization's overall goals. An example of pooled interdependence would be if an assembly shop had a number of employees, each working alone to assemble radios. At the end of the day, the completed radios are shipped out together. In this case the workers' efforts were independent but the results of their efforts were "pooled" and it could be said that "the shop" produced x number of radios (Katzenbach & Smith, 1993).
If task interdependence is pooled, it is unlikely that teams are needed. A cautionary note: Even if the use of teams is not indicated, it does not mean that workers can not or should not help each other and work together at times. Nor does it mean that a group of individuals cannot be referred to as a "team" even if they are not one. Sometimes such words as part of an effort to establish an "esprit de corps" or otherwise invoke an identification with and a loyalty for a group or other entity.
In terms of employees helping in the context of pooled ...

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