This is a discussion of how the conception of the role of emergency manager has broadened beyond that of "civil defense" and the conduct of immediate post-impact emergency activities. The job has expanded to include mitigation and recovery as well as preparedness and response.
The Department of Homeland Security, with embedded elements of DHHS, provides a federal structure and system for coordination and oversight of resources that are essential for assisting areas affected by disaster. FEMA's ten geographical regions work closely with state and local emergency managers, ensuring consistency of services to all areas and citizens. At the state level, emergency managers assume a multitude of different organizational structures. The emergency management community consists of professional emergency managers, emergency operations center personnel, 911 telecommunicators, and first responders-that is, fire departments, emergency medical services, medical transport, and law enforcement. When activated for acts of terrorism, the emergency managers expand to coordinate all primary agencies with designated roles in response. These may vary in number and are dependent on the size and extent of the disaster. However, once a governor has declared a state of emergency, the emergency managers become the coordinating hub for activation of the local and/or state emergency operations plan. Mirroring the Federal Response Plan, representatives from each of the emergency support
functions coordinate services and follow the guidelines in the ...
This is a discussion focuses on how emergency managers expand to coordinate all primary agencies with designated roles in response to terrorism.