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Discussing Federal Policies

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I need help with this assignment please. I just started this public administration class and do not fully understand the political policies word. Please guide me. the questions are below.

Pick two similar federal policies that were discussed over a span of two different administrations. For example, President Clinton's and Obama's health care policies or President's George H.W. Bush's and George W. Bush's foreign policy.

1. Discuss the historical perspective of the time when each policy was discussed or implemented. What was the context or the problem of the day and the urgency for the policy?

2. Analyze the social, economic, and political environments for the times the policies were discussed or implemented.

3. Criticize each policy for its effectiveness of the time.
4. Use four to five credible and reputable sources to support your points.

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In terms of public administration it is important to differentiate the difference between political policy and the

programs which implement policy.

*political policy- Government is constantly concerned about what needs to be done to sustain the balance and

interest of the country and uses the Constitution as its guidelines. For instance if the Constitution says all

citizens have the right of free speech and in any way there is a discrepancy in that being implemented it is the

duty of the government to create or modify existing policy that keeps to these rights granted by the


*public programs- All the activities designed to implement public policy which often calls for the design and

creation of organizations, public agencies, and bureaus. For example during the Johnson administration the

Civil Rights Act was signed into existence to dispel public forms of discrimination across the board not limited to

African Americans but towards all US citizens (again as promised by the constitution/"the freedom to pursue

happiness"). To support and implement this new form of policy various forms of programs and organizations

were implemented that said policy. An example of the enforcement of this policy was the busing programs

where students from the city were bused out of their neighborhoods into more affluent areas so that youth

were allowed to take advantage of a better education. Another form of policy which supported the Civil Rights

Act was affirmative action which ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides advise and insight in putting together answers for the assignment indicated in the original problem (see above) on the topic of Federal policies.

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Individual - Project Part I - Financial Overview Assignment

For the project in this course, you may use the local government and public policy identified in MBAPA/591 or you may choose to use another local government and policy.

Prepare a paper assessing that government's financial health. Utilize the comprehensive annual report and budget documents for the government. In this paper you should do the following:
a. Explain the difference between expenditures, expenses, and encumbrances.
b. Describe the government's capital project, general, and proprietary funds.
c. Analyze the budget.
1) What are the main revenue sources?
2) Describe the budgetary levels. Are items budgeted at the department level, program level, other?
3) Describe the long-range spending and short-range spending plans.
4) Which departments/programs receive the largest appropriations?
d. Explain how public policy translates into the government's short-range and long-range spending plans.

Individual - Project Part II - Developing Funding Choices

Using the local government and public policy identified for your project, prepare a paper assessing that government's revenues and examining possible funding options for your public policy implementation. Utilize the comprehensive annual report and budget documents for the government. In this paper you should do the following:
a. Using the budget, analyze your local government's sources of revenue. Determine which revenues are used in which funds: governmental, proprietary, and fiduciary.
b. Describe any restrictions that are (or could be) placed on those revenues.
c. Evaluate how public policy decisions affect the receipt of revenues.
d. Analyze the economic conditions that affect revenue projections.
e. Develop a revenue policy that aligns with community values

Individual - Project Part III - Economic Development Implications

Using the local government and public policy identified for your project, prepare a paper discussing the economic impact of your public policy issue. The public policy issue that you have selected for your project is almost certain to have economic development implications. Utilize your government's comprehensive annual report, budget documents, and the Internet for this assignment. In this paper you should do the following:
a. Define enterprise zones and explain the utilization of these zones by your chosen government and the state within which the government exists.
b. Assess how the enterprise zones could be used to enhance the economic development implications of your policy issue.
c. Describe how a cost-benefit analysis of an economic development can be performed.
d. Evaluate incentives that are currently given to developers and other agencies to enhance economic development and rural development projects by the local and the state governments.
e. Evaluate the ethical consequences of the economic development initiative.

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