Was the Russian invasion of Afghaniston externally generated foreign policy? Did this policy result in a bungled reform? (or imperial overstretch or defective system) Please explain.© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 25, 2018, 2:22 am ad1c9bdddf
I would say it was internally generated in that the Soviet aims were to prop up a foreign pro-Moscow govt, consistent with the Brezhnev doctrine. You can argue they were merely responding to external events, but ultimately this was a decision made in Moscow for Soviet political and geopolitical aims, and was no more externally generated than the US invasion of Iraq (which can also be argued was "externally generated" - as can any foreign policy decision, but ultimately both wars were wars of choice, not necessity).
The official Soviet line was always that they were there at the invitation of the Afghan government, and partly in response to foreign funding and support to the Afghan rebels (mujahedin). The reality is that the Soviets invaded to keep Afghanistan's pro-Soviet communist government in power. This was completely in keeping with official Soviet policy (see Brezhnev Doctrine) of not letting a pro-communist/socialist country slide out of the Soviet orbit. They actually killed the Afghan president during the initial stages of the ...
This solution is an overview of the Soviet reasons, official and actual, for their war in Afghanistan from 1979-1989. Mikhail Gorbachev's role and claims regarding the Soviet intervention are briefly discussed, as well as the idea that Soviet overreach in Afghanistan contributed to the USSR's ultimate collapse.
Centralized Command and Control Systems - Al-Qaeda
Prior to 9/11, Osama Bin Laden (OBL) established Al-Qaeda (AQ) as a terrorist organization with a centralized command and control system. By the late 2000s, AQ was no longer a singular entity, with new 'branches' existing in Northern Africa (AQIM), Yemen (AQAP), Iraq (AQI), and elsewhere. Each branch cited allegiance to the core beliefs of AQ and OBL; however, intelligence supports that little, if any, centralized command and control exists between geographically distant groups.
Israel and the League of Arab States
What are the circumstances and events surrounding the emergence of the state of Israel? Explain.
From the perspective of historically stated opinions, why is the existence of Israel problematic for certain Muslim factions? Explain.
What are the current points of disagreement and the stated goals related to the future of Israel of Arab nations (cite by nation and by international cooperative (e.g. League of Arab States; Council of Arab Economic Unity, etc.)? Explain.
What are the similarities and differences between the stated philosophies of Hamas and Hezbollah? Explain.
Following the retreat of Soviet soldiers from Afghanistan in the late 1980s, a period of intertribal conflict ended with the ascension of the Taliban to national leadership. What are the policies of the Taliban toward its citizens, its neighboring nations, and Western democracies?
How has Al-Qaeda evolved, focusing on the evolution of Osama Bin Laden from Mujahidin leader to international terrorist leader? Explain.
What were his stated grievances, motivations, and stated goals?
What are the differences between a terrorist organization and a terrorist movement? Explain in detail.