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Centralized Command and Control Systems - Al-Qaeda

Prior to 9/11, Osama Bin Laden (OBL) established Al-Qaeda (AQ) as a terrorist organization with a centralized command and control system. By the late 2000s, AQ was no longer a singular entity, with new 'branches' existing in Northern Africa (AQIM), Yemen (AQAP), Iraq (AQI), and elsewhere. Each branch cited allegiance to the core beliefs of AQ and OBL; however, intelligence supports that little, if any, centralized command and control exists between geographically distant groups.

Israel and the League of Arab States

What are the circumstances and events surrounding the emergence of the state of Israel? Explain.
From the perspective of historically stated opinions, why is the existence of Israel problematic for certain Muslim factions? Explain.
What are the current points of disagreement and the stated goals related to the future of Israel of Arab nations (cite by nation and by international cooperative (e.g. League of Arab States; Council of Arab Economic Unity, etc.)? Explain.
What are the similarities and differences between the stated philosophies of Hamas and Hezbollah? Explain.

Afghanistan

Following the retreat of Soviet soldiers from Afghanistan in the late 1980s, a period of intertribal conflict ended with the ascension of the Taliban to national leadership. What are the policies of the Taliban toward its citizens, its neighboring nations, and Western democracies?
How has Al-Qaeda evolved, focusing on the evolution of Osama Bin Laden from Mujahidin leader to international terrorist leader? Explain.
What were his stated grievances, motivations, and stated goals?
What are the differences between a terrorist organization and a terrorist movement? Explain in detail.

Solution Preview

What are the circumstances and events surrounding the emergence of the state of Israel? Explain.

The circumstances are that with the creation of the state of Israel 50 years forward and continuing today strife and conflict have surrounded the state of Israel. The country has experienced numerous wars with Arab states, and in addition much of the Muslim world is repulsed and reviles the country. Deep divisions between Western and Muslim cultures are present and have no signs of abating anytime in the future because of the creation of the state of Israel.

From the perspective of historically stated opinions, why is the existence of Israel problematic for certain Muslim factions? Explain.

It's problematic because of the large loss of land that occurred as a result of the 5 day War in 1967 and because of the continued marginalization of Palestinians.

What are the current points of disagreement and the stated goals related to the future of Israel of Arab nations (cite by nation and by international cooperative (e.g. League of Arab States; Council of Arab Economic Unity, etc.)? Explain.

The biggest and most contentious issue is the return of the pre-1967 borders and land to Arab nations that lost the war. The return to these borders is an area of major disagreement along with providing Palestine statesmanship.

What are the similarities and differences between the stated philosophies of Hamas and Hezbollah? Explain.

Hamas and Hezbollah are both dedicated to the destruction of Israel as a state and do ...

Solution Summary

The centralized command and control systems for Al-Qaeda is examined. The circumstances and events surrounding the emergence of the state of Israel are determined.

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