# Photoelectric effect and work function of metal

Please explain and solve

The work function W of a metal specifies the minimum energy required to remove an electron from that metal, and is expressed as an energy per mole of electrons. For Calcium Ca, W=262 kJ mol^-1.

(a) A sample of Ca is irradiated with green light. Are electrons ejected? Justify.

(b) A sample of Ca is irradiated with light of wavelength 4.10 x 10^-7 m, and electrons are ejected. What is the speed, in m/s, of these electrons?

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a) first find the energy ...

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The solution is comprised of detailed explanations of photoelectric effect of calcium. It shows the step-by-step calculation of the speed of the ejected electrons when the incident photon energy is larger than its work function.

15 Multiple Choice Questions on Modern Physics - Photons And Photoelectric Effect (Fully Solved and Explained)

1.The wavelength of a photon is 7 x10^-7 m. Calculate the frequency of the photon. Also calculate the energy of the photon in Joules and eV

a)4.285 x 10^15 Hertz, 2.84 x 10^-19 Joules, 2.36 eV

b)4.285 x 10^15 Hertz, 2.84 x 10^-19 Joules, 1.77 eV

c)3.236 x 10^15 Hertz, 3.42 x 10^-19 Joules, 2.36 eV

d)3.236 x 10^15 Hertz, 3.42 x 10^-19 Joules, 1.77 eV

2.Which of the following statements is true about a photon? (Give reasons in support of your answer).

a)A photon has zero mass and zero momentum.

b)A photon has finite mass and a finite value of momentum.

c)A photon has zero mass but finite value of momentum

d)A photon has finite mass but zero momentum.

3.A photon of wavelength 350nm and intensity 1.00W/m^2 is directed at a Potassium surface (Work Function = 2.2 eV).

i)Will photoelectrons be emitted from the surface? (Give reasons in support of your answer).

ii)If yes, then calculate the maximum Kinetic Energy (K.E. MAX) of the emitted photoelectrons.

iii)If 50% of the incident photons produce photoelectrons, how many are emitted per sec if the Potassium surface has an area of 1cm2.

iv)Calculate the Photoelectric Current generated.

a)No (Work Function is greater than photon energy), 0, 0, 0.

b)No (Work Function is less than photon energy), 0, 0, 0

c)Yes (Work Function is less than photon energy), 1.3eV, 8.8 x 10^11 photoelectrons/sec, 9.346 x 10^-6 Ampere

d)Yes, (Work Function is greater than photon energy),1.3eV, 8.8 x 10^11 photoelectrons/sec, 9.346 x10^-6 Ampere

4.The work function of Platinum is twice that of the work function of Calcium. If the minimum photon energy required to emit photoelectrons from the surface of Platinum is E, then that for the surface of Calcium would be

a)2E

b)3E/2

c)E/2

d)Cannot be determined.

5.The work function of Sodium is greater than that of Potassium. If both the surfaces are irradiated with photons of same wavelength, then the K.E. of the emitted photoelectrons in the Sodium surface as compared to the K.E. of the photoelectrons in the Potassium surface will be

a)Same

bLess

c)More

d)Cannot be determined.

6.A metallic surface is first irradiated with Ultraviolet light and then with Infrared light. What will be the change in the K.E. of the emitted photoelectrons? What will be the change in the photoelectric current IP? (Give reasons in support of your answer).

a)K.E. will remain same. IP will remain same.

b)K.E. will increase. IP will increase.

c)K.E. will decrease. IP will decrease.

d)K.E. will increase. IP will remain same.

e)K.E. will decrease. IP will remain same.

7.The threshold frequency for photoelectric emission in Copper is 1.1x 10^15 Hz. Find the maximum kinetic energy of the photoelectrons emitted when light of frequency 1.5 x 10^15 Hz is directed on a Copper surface.

a)1.66e.V

b)1.32 e.V

c)2.40e.V

d)3.22e.V

8.The threshold wavelength for photoelectric emission in Tungsten is 240nm. What wavelength of light must be used in order that the emitted photoelectrons have a K.E. MAX of 1.2 e.V.

a)200nm

b)230nm

c)350nm

d)195nm

9.Photoelectric effect can take place only when photons strike bound electrons or electrons embedded in the metal surface, since it is impossible for a photon to give up all its energy and momentum to a free electron. This is in accordance with

a)Law of conservation of Energy

b)Law of conservation of Mass

c)Law of conservation of Momentum

d)Law of conservation of both Energy and Momentum

10.Which of the following statements is true about photoelectric effect?

a)There is no time lag(time delay) between the arrival of light (photons) on the surface of a metal, and the emission of photoelectrons (within limits of experimental accuracy ~10^-9sec).

b)There is always a specific time lag between the arrival of photons on the surface and emission of photoelectrons.

c)There is a specific time lag only in some exceptional cases, particularly in some specific metals.

d)There is a specific time lag only when the photon energy is very less.

11.The Stopping Potential (Extinction voltage) in a photoelectric chamber is 3V. The work function, φ for the metal is 2.2e.V. Calculate the incident photon energy and frequency.

a)8.33 x 10^-19 Joules, 1.256 x 10^15 Hz.

b)4.42 x 10^-19 Joules, 1.256 x 10^15 Hz.

c)8. 33 x 10^-19 Joules, 2.343 x 10^15 Hz.

d)4.42 x 10^-19 Joules, 2.343 x 10^15 Hz.

12.Which of the following statements is true for photoelectric effect?

a)Photoelectric current is proportional to the frequency of the radiation used, for all retarding voltages.

b)Photoelectric current is proportional to the intensity of light used for all retarding voltages.

c)Photoelectric current is proportional to the wavelength of radiation used, for all retarding voltages.

d)Photoelectric current is proportional to energy of the radiation used for all retarding voltages.

13.Which of the following statements is false for photoelectric effect?

a)The Stopping Potential (Extinction voltage) depends on the incident photon frequency

b)The Stopping Potential depends on the incident photon energy.

c)The Stopping Potential depends on the incident photon intensity.

d)The Stopping Potential depends on the incident photon wavelength.

14.What are the frequency, wavelength and energy of an X-ray photon whose momentum is 1.2 x 10^-23 kg m/s?

a)5.4 x 10^18 Hz, 3.6 x 10^-15 Joules, 555 Fermi

b)5.4 x 10^18 Hz, 3.6 x 10^-15 Joules, 652 Fermi

c)5.4 x 10^18 Hz, 4.2 x 10^-15 Joules, 555 Fermi

d)2.4 x 10^18 Hz, 3.6 x 10^-15 Joules, 555 Fermi

15.If the energy of a photon is 4.2e.V, calculate its momentum.

a) 2.243 x 10^-24 kg m /s

b) 2.243 x 10^-27 kg m /s

c) 3.324 x 10^-27 kg m /s

d) 3.324 x 10^-24 kg m /s