1) For Plato, a just society is one in which .
a) there is a classless, egalitarian society.
b) each of the classes reflects the tripartite division of the soul.
c) "lovers of wisdom" (philosophers) are the "guardians" and/ or police of society.
d) The virtue of the rulers is "moderation".
2) The sun and the Good are alike in so far as the Good makes possible as the sun makes sight possible.
3) Platonic Idealism is the opposite of .
4) Platonic dualism holds that .
a) Humans are born with inherent moral goodness.
b) Society is responsible for moral education.
c) Humans have free will.
d) All of the above.
5) Eudaimonia or "happiness" is, for Aristotle?
a) Pleasure from everyday human endeavors.
b) The proper use of human abilities.
c) Wealth and health.
d) Something final and self-sufficient.
6) Which of the following is a vise of excess of Aristotle?
7) According to Aristotle, the final good for which humans need to aim is .
a) An activity of the soul in according with the excellence of reason.
b) A means to something that will make us satisfied with material comfort.
c) An intermediate between excess and deficiency that is absolute regardless of the situation.
d) None of the above.
8) According to Aristotle we are by nature virtuous.
9) The divine command theory of ethics implies that .
a) The Ten Commandments are good because they state what humans feel is morally correct.
b) The Ten Commandments are good because God decreed them
c) Piety is good because the gods love it.
d) Both b and c.
10) Which of the following constitute problems for the divine command of ethics?
a) We cannot know for sure what God commands.
b) It is necessary to choose between viewing God as less that supreme because God is subject to a higher moral standard or viewing morality as arbitrary depending on God's will.
c) Either God is good and not the foundation of fallible human morality, or God is the foundation of fallible human morality and not good.
d) All of the above.
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This solution provides the answers to 10 multiple choice questions on philosophical views on ethics, morality and God (Plato, Aristotle, and Religion), as well as explains why they are the best answers, including links for further research.