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    How the Presocratics were Challenged

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    Explain how the Presocratics challenged the prevailing ideas of their time. That is, how did they call into question certain mythological, religious, and anthropomorphic explanations of the world? In your own words, explain how a philosophical explanation differs from these.

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    Please see response attached (Posting 111656.doc), which is also presented below. I hope this helps and take care.

    RESPONSE:

    1. Explain how the Pre-Socratics challenged the prevailing ideas of their time. That is, how did they call into question certain mythological, religious, and anthropomorphic explanations of the world? In your own words, explain how a philosophical explanation differs from these.

    Mythological Explanations of the World: The word mythology (Greek: "story-telling", logos, "account , speech") refers to any body or cycle of myths. Myths are stories linked to the spiritual or religious life in the oral tradition of a particular culture, which often involve supernatural events or characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity.

    Religious Explanations of the World: Myth is intimately connected with religion. Myth in this sense does not imply that a story is either objectively false or true, it rather refers to a spiritual, psychological or symbolical notion of truth unrelated to materialist or objectivist notions. So like myths, religious explanations of the world involved supernatural events of characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity.

    Anthropological Explanations of the World: Similarly, anthological explanations of ...

    Solution Summary

    Explains how the Presocratics challenged the prevailing ideas of their time. That is, this solution explains how they called into question certain mythological, religious, and anthropomorphic explanations of the world. It then explains how a philosophical explanation differs from these. Examples are also provided.

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