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    Philosophical Discussion: The Existence of God

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    I am doing a PowerPoint presentation in which I have to describe my personal viewpoint on "Is There A God" as well as 3-4 related principle issues. I am having trouble coming up with an outline. I need help!

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    Dear Student,

    I have previously created two solutions for this very problem and I saw no reason in changing the approaches and arguments I employed in the previous two. I would have pointed you to the solutions but as they are recent - they are not available in the solution library just as yet. I believe that the importance of God & Faith to our ancestors 'created' the reality we know today - the building of empires, the birth of nations. As such, using arguments of various philosophers like St. Thomas Aquinas & Plato what I have compiled is a socio-political & socio-historical discussion of the importance of god & the arguments against it (atheism, determinism) in our current social reality. This is a Guide - it provides you a 'text basis' for each slide. You will have to either simplify it or word it according to your own design of how you would like your presentation to appear. It also provides you an image folder you can use in each slide - again by suggestion. It is entirely up to you to use it or not. How you will design your PowerPoint presentation is entirely up to you - remember that it must be simple & uncluttered to get people to focus on the arguments, not the graphics. At the very end slide however to comply with APA style presentations, it is very important for you to provide a Reference Slide - materials you used to advise you with the information you needed in creating the presentation. You can of course just copy the last slide in the guide below. You can also add your own references, like the books you are currently using or the web resources you have visited. Make sure to differentiate whether they are web sources or published/printed materials. If you have questions on the ideas presented, do not hesitate to send me a message & ill do my best to help you. Good luck & thank you for using BrainMass.

    OTA 105878

    Slide 1

    Title: Belief & Scepticism

    "Clearly the person who accepts the Church as an infallible guide will believe whatever the Church teaches."
    -- Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica, 1274

    Ours is a world divided between those who believe in God & those who don't. Theists pursue their belief system according to the religion & faiths they have embraced pointing at various evidences and a system of reason to defend their stand. In the Western World, Christianity is rooted in the history of nations & a source of much of today's particular set of belief systems affecting heavily much of the moral & ethical systems measuring the validity or wrongness of an act or belief. In the Muslim World, the Shari'ah Law becomes that which governs not just the moral & religious aspects of life but is the legal basis for judgements. To radicalized fervent Muslims (much as to their radicalized Christian equivalents), their faith has influenced them to see the rest of the world who do not share their beliefs as infidels, resulting in a clash of faith & non-faith leading to religious-political conflicts that is still being fought.

    Atheism is a particular position that does not affirm or reject the existence of Gods. The popular belief that Atheists do not believe in the existence of the divine is not entirely true, Atheists are non-theists, meaning that they do not believe in the worship of deities particularly as their existence has not been proven as truth. Supernatural claims do not bear weight on atheists as they are skeptical about it. Despite this they do not share a singular philosophy or ideology but delve into humanist philosophies to back up their claims about anti-deism. Atheism as a term began as a term referencing people who find conflict between faith & scientific logic more so after the Age of enlightenment when those who wish to understand the ways of the world without the dictates of a religious system they cannot fully understand or make sense of took a neutral & sceptical position against religious claims.

    Images: (choose appropriate image from attached folder)


    Slide 2

    Title: Significance of God


    "A tyrant must put on the appearance of uncommon devotion to religion. Subjects are less apprehensive of illegal treatment from a ruler whom they consider god-fearing and pious. On the other hand, they do less easily move against him, believing that he has the gods on his side."
    - Aristotle, Politics, 322 B.C.

    In Antiquity, our ancestors & forefathers looked for an explanation for existence and they find these by establishing belief systems that helped them make sense of things. In many ancient civilizations religion became a political, social & economic magnet of power establishing Empires. Central to the ancient Chinese Dynasties for instance was Ancestral Worship while a Pantheon of Gods gave power to the Egyptian Pharaohs. The Romans had their Greek-adopted deities while the Middle East gave birth to Judaism that was the root of two of the world's biggest (and most contested) belief system today: Christianity & Islam.

    Civilizations, empires, nations & cultures from antiquity who built the foundations of our present reality took comfort in the manner by which they conducted their lives according to the belief system that their Deities dictate; historically we can argue that 'God' has become an important social agency for societies in this manner. I shall try to back up this claim by viewing at the manner by which faith has established civilizations & practices that contributed to the world we know today. I will then present Atheistic debates against the authenticity of God and present my views on the question.

    Images: (choose appropriate image from attached folder)


    Slide 3

    Title: God in Antiquity/Prehistory

    Text: Evidence presented by archaeology that go back 130,000 years show Homo Sapiens in present day Balkans practicing burial rites that are aimed at transcending daily life. Animal worship & nature worship were practiced even by the Neanderthals as they sought to make sense of the wonder & misery of living. During the Neolithic & the Bronze Age the ancient tribes of Europe: Celts, Teutons, Saxons, Norse, Minoans have established their own forms of animal or nature worship, reaching for the Divine in a world that they haven't yet fully comprehended or quantified.

    The sun and the moon became central to their worship (which was adopted later on & elevated through the exploits of Hellenistic Warrior-Emperor Alexander the Great as well as the Pharaoh Akhenaton of Egypt); harvest became synonymous to female fertility while every other important aspect in their reality (home, love, travel, trade, the arts, the hearth, etc.) created a polytheistic belief system as the Ancients sought explanation of their reality by reaching for what they can't fathom as the will of the Divine. Divine symbolism became central to their lives. These drew peoples & communities ...

    Solution Summary

    The Solution provides a guide in creating a detailed p12-slide owerpoint presentation as well as a detailed discussion on the philosophical & sociological debate on the importance of God by providing a series of 'mini-debates' centered on answering the question, 'Is there a God?'; the solution discusses the varied philosophies from the time of Socrates to Descartes to the Karl Jaspers discussing the necessity or the oppositte thereof as well as evidence of belief/faith. The solution goes a bit further by presenting the socio-political role of faith in the building of empires & nations by using historical evidence. This solution is written in APA format therefore a list of references used in creating this solution is provided. This solution is definitely helpful in creating powerpoint presentation on the topic but is also a helpful 12-page guide for those looking perspectives in creating essays 6 papers on the subject matter.