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Language, Definition, Genus, and Difference

Criticize the following in terms of the rules for definition by genus and difference. After identifying the difficulty, state the rule that is being violated. If the definition is either too narrow or too broad, explain why.

'A hazard is anything that is dangerous.'

Solution Preview

See the attached file.

Definition Analysis

Hazard - 'A hazard is anything that is dangerous.'

Genus-differentia is a concept in meaning-making wherein the genus states the broader category and the differentia, the specifics for a particular species/concept/item. It is akin to the identification of species-families in biology wherein a particular family of flora or fauna are grouped together due to shared characteristics but is also differentiated from each other for the purpose identification. The main point of the 'genus-differentia' concept is to do away with vagueness and ambiguity. There are 2 components of importance in this concept of defining - DEFINIENDUM, the word being defined and DEFINIENS, the words of words that define or create the meaning of definiendum. Let us take this example -

Lipsticks are a ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides an analysis of the phrase 'a hazard is anything that is dangerous' through rules of definition via genus and difference. The difficulty and the rule that is violated is explained as well as it's broadness/narrowness in relation to application by meaning. References are listed. A word version of the solution is attached for easy printing.

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