Explanation of traditional or Aristotelian Logic and categorical Statements© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 10, 2019, 2:38 am ad1c9bdddf
Traditional or Aristotelian Logic: Focused only on CATEGORICAL STATEMENTS because it thought all deduction could be analyzed by such statements.
CATEGORICAL STATEMENTS: statements about categories of things; collection of things that have some common characteristics. Categorical Statements refer to two classes of things- Subject (S) and predicate (P). there are four standard forms:
All S is/are P
Some S is/are P
No S is/are P
Some S is/are not P
QUANTITY: the universal/particular: "All/No" is the universal. Some is the particular
QUALITY: the affirmative/ negative: All/ some is ...
An outline of the categorical statement and an explanation of the square of oppositions.