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Hello and thank you for using Brainmass. From your posting, I gather that you are asking for an explanation and definition of the following concepts - relativism, pragmatism and moral reasoning. Should you feel that this assumption is not complete, just indicate it in the feedback and I'll work towards updating this solution with additional information. Good luck!
Relativism is not just one theory located or used in one area of study. Relativism is a viewpoint with many applications and interpretations in Philosophy, Sociology, the Social Sciences, Literature & the Arts and even the Natural Sciences (consider the ideas of Albert Einstein & his groundbreaking theory of Relativity). Relativism, at its core basically advocates that elements & aspects of culture, experience, thought and cognition and the manner by which human beings react with, interpret or view reality is relative, not absolute. Therefore it is the opposite of absolutism which holds that there can only be one true explanation. Relativism, unlike absolutism does not seek universal laws rather accepts that what is true in some cases is verrisimilitudic by nature - not always true and not always false - its relative according to application. Consider this sentence - 'Beauty is in the eye of the Beholder.' This is a verisimilitude estimation of what is beautiful because we all judge what is beautiful according to our own interpretations and ...
Explanations and definitions for relativism, pragmatism and moral reasoning are provided..