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Truth and Knowledge in the time of Galileo

I have already researched the careers of both Galileo and Copernicus. I need assistance in understanding how authority distorts clear thinking and relating consensus to a current issue. I didn't realize I required to be clearer in my post. I was just pasting what the assignment required & hoping for assistance in any areas where the OTA possesses knowledge.
Describe how society during their time viewed how knowledge versus how knowledge is attained today. Comment on Galileo and Copernicus role in the change.
Discuss how authority in human relationships has the potential to distort good thinking. Explain what this means for contemporary authority relationships in the workplace and society.
Relate the â??consensusâ? of their time to a current issue where appeal is made to consensus in our time. How do Galileo and Copernicus serve as examples to modern society in this respect.
Discuss how this example might guide creative problem solving and decision making in the workplace today.

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Dear Student,
Hello and thank you for using Brainmass. I hope that this solution will help. The questions indicated in your assignment were designed to make you relate and reflect on the importance of authoritative influence in establishing truth. Hence the focus on Galileo and Copernicus. Being that you are familiar with the life and work of these two scientists, the solution below provides a narrative short essay that tackles the questions you presented. You can use this discussion to present necessary opinions on the matters you are asked to discuss. Good luck to you.

OTA 105878/Xenia Jones

Establishing Truth in the Renaissance

Nicolas Copernicus and Galileo Galilei were 16th century/renaissance thinkers and scholars who pioneered mathematical and astrophysical theories and views that at the time of their introduction received great criticism, negative debate and cold reception. The former for example delayed the publication of his groundbreaking book on the heliocentric theory despite great demand from scholars all over Europe. First, his heliocentric theory goes against all established norms of motion as well as then established 'truth' where the earth is supposed to be the center of the universe. This notion informs not just then mathematics and science but also established religious beliefs. The latter had pretty much a similar issue except the latter used the former's heliocentric idea to and developed it further. Via his telescopic observations (the telescope of 3x magnification being his own invention) he gathered evidence to support the Copernican theory and engaged in an open debate with the church wherein he was condemn by the Pope and several high ranking church cardinals and priests of heresy. His ecclesiastical trial is not the first of its kind. But it was important because while he took it upon himself to follow mathematical and scientific evidence to base his conclusions, said conclusions ...

Solution Summary

The solution is a 1,169-word essay discussing how truth and knowledge was established and why during the time of Galileo and Copernicus. The circuit of knowledge - divine and one based on reason is also included for the purpose of explaining how human authority via institutions in control influence and distort thinking. The solution discusses the topic of creative thinking and the influence of/barrier of authority and related to the practices in the workplace of today. References are listed for further research. A word version of the solution is attached for easy printing.