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Rationalism, Empiricism and it's Relation to Perception

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Describe individual epistemology and its relationship to perception.

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Solution Summary

Rationalism, empiricism and it's relation to perception are described. Organizations and management are determined.

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1. Rationalism:

The concept here is that any knowledge must be grounded in something. How do we know to trust the senses (i.e. perception)? How can sense data be verified? This is the main point of this school. Major figures include Plato, Descartes and Spinoza.

Rationalism begins from those propositions called axioms, those propositions that cannot be proven, but serve as the ground for all proof.
Descartes (and Augustine) began from the proposition that I think and reason - in doing that, I prove that I exist, since I must be doing the thinking. If I deny that I exist, it is a contradiction because I'm denying the denying. Get it?

From this, Descartes destroys skepticism, since he has proven, without a doubt, that he exists. From this, he then grounds his experience from his reason, using mathematics and geometry to deduce the existence of ...

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