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Immanuel Kant's Ideas and Philosophy

Discuss each subject with at least 150 words:

Kants Phenomena and Noumena
Kants Moral Law, Good Will and Categorical Imperative
Kantian Theory of Justice

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On Immanuel Kant's Philosophy

These concepts are interconnected within Kant's overall philosophy and metaphysics, but I will address them as you have listed them, trying not to repeat myself too much. You may want to look up some of the terminology in your philosophy textbook glossary and be sure to edit this and put this in your own words.

1. Kant's Phenomena and Noumena: Kant defined these terms in his Critique of Pure Reason. At the time, the pure idealists, like Rene Descartes and George Berkeley, believed that knowledge was achieved solely through rational thought. Pure realists or materialists, like John Locke, believed that knowledge was gained solely through experience via the five senses. Objects that are perceived via the five senses are phenomenon. Kant created a synthesis he called transcendental idealism. In his transcendental analytic of the Critique, Kant proposed that some knowledge is apriori and that some is aposteriori. The apriori knowledge is an intellectual intuition of space and time. Aposteriori knowledge is gained through the five senses, perceiving objects as phenomenon. The human mind organizes the objects in its ongoing perceptual field into the innate categories of space and time. It is like the mind projects space and time onto the objects perceived through the five senses in order to organize them into ...

Solution Summary

The solution provides an explanation of Immanuel Kant's ideas in relation to his philosophy including phenomena and noumena, a discussion of his view on morality and his 'Categorical Imperative' as well as his theory of Justice.