A. If you want a life full of sexual pleasure, don't graduate from college. A study to be published next month in American Demographics magazine shows that people with the most education have the least amount of sex.
B. If science wishes to argue that we cannot know what was going on in [the gorilla] Binti's head when she acted as she did, science must also acknowledge that it cannot prove that nothing was going on. It is because of our irresolvable ignorance, as much as fellow feeling, that we should give animals the benefit of doubt and treat them with the respect we accord ourselves.
27. (a) Argument From Ignorance (b) Complex Question (c) Argument ad hominem
C. Clarence Darrow, renowned criminal trial lawyer, began one shrewd plea to a jury thus:
You folks think we city people are all crooked, but we city people think you farmer are all crooked. There isn't one of you I'd trust in a horse trade, because you'd be sure to skin me. But when it comes to having sympathy with a person in trouble, I'd sooner trust you folks than city folks, because you come to know people better and get to be closer friends.
28. (a) Begging the Question (b) Appeal to Emotion (c) False Cause
D. A national mailing in 1992, soliciting funds by People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), contains a survey in which questions are to be answered yes or no. One of the questions asked is this:
"Do you realize that the vast majority of painful animal experimentation has no relation at all to human survival or the elimination of disease?"
29. (a) False Cause (b) Complex Question (c) Argument ad hominem
E. In the Miss Universe Contest of 1994 Miss Alabama was asked: If you could live forever, would you? And why? She answered:
"I would not live forever, because we should not live forever, because if we were supposed to live forever, then we would live forever, but we cannot live forever, which is why I would not live forever."
30. (a) Argument ad hominem (b) Argument from Ignorance (c) No Fallacy