I explicate Classical Utilitarianism in terms of it's central components: hedonism, consequentialism, and impartiality© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 24, 2018, 6:51 pm ad1c9bdddf
CLASSICAL UTILITARIANISM HAS THREE CENTRAL COMPONENTS
TELEOLOGY / CONSEQUENTIALISM
1. TELEOLOGY OR CONSEQUENTIALISM
1.1. A moral theory is a form of consequentialism if and only if it assesses acts, character traits, institutions, etc, as right or wrong solely in terms of the consequences brought about, that is, in terms of the attainment of a certain goal or end.
1.2 Classical Utilitarianism is a version of ACT CONSEQUENTIALISM, because it says that the moral status of an action is determined by its outcomes.
> Contrast a teleological theory of virtue.
1.3 Acts are judged right or wrong solely in virtue of the consequences they bring about.
The Principle of Utility is therefore to be understood as a criterion of rightness.
An act is right if and only if it tends to promote happiness
This means that the concepts of blameworthiness and praiseworthiness must be kept distinct from rightness and wrongness.
E.g.: You intend to do some good, but, through some unfortunate twist of fate, bring about bad. In this circumstance you will have acted wrongly, though you are not blameworthy for the act.
1.4 The Consequences relevant in assessing the rightness of an action are to be understood as the non-moral value (or disvalue) brought about by the act.
For example, does the action cause an increase in pleasure?
1.5 The moral rightness of the action depends on the non-moral value of the consequences.
2.1 Consequentialist moral theories define right action in terms of the bringing about a certain state of affairs with a particular non-moral value (or disvalue).
2.2 Consequentialist moral ...
Deontological and Teleological Ethical Systems
Please help with the following assignment.
Scenario Situation 1
You are a manager of a retail store. You are given permission by the owner of the store to hire a fellow classmate to help out. One day you see the classmate take some clothing from the store. When confronted by you, the peer laughs it off and
says the owner is insured, no one is hurt, and it was under $100. "Besides," says your acquaintance, "friends stick together, right?" What would you do?
Explain what you would do based on ethical formalism, utilitarianism, religion, and natural law.
? Address each of these ethical systems in relation to the scenario.
? Compose a 200- to 350-word paper.
Deontological vs. Teleological Ethical Systems
Compare and Contrast deontological and teleological ethical systems in a 700- to 1,050-word.
? Provide examples and descriptions of the seven major ethical systems
? Determine whether each system is deontological or teleological.
? Identify which system most closely matches your beliefs and explain why.