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    Non-Empty Subsets of a Group

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    Let G be a group and H be a non-empty subset of G. We define H^2 as the set of elements of G which can be written in the form h_1 h_2, with h_1 ,h_2∈H.
    Let H be finite. Prove that H is a subgroup if and only if H^2=H.

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    https://brainmass.com/math/linear-algebra/non-empty-subsets-of-a-group-559017

    Solution Preview

    Proof. Assume that H is a subgroup. Then it is closed under multiplication, and hence H^2 is a subset of H. For the converse, let us assume that h∈H. Since h=he, and e∈H, we conclude that H is a subset of H^2, and hence ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution provides the criterion for a finite non-empty subset of a group to be a subgroup.

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