Explore BrainMass

What are the goals of punishment and corrections?

What are the goals of punishment and corrections? Explain the rationale behind those goals. How does the concept of community corrections relate to these goals and rationale?

What do you think about the use of the death penalty as a form of punishment? Support by using one of the major ethical systems.

Solution Preview

I. Theories of Criminal Punishment

A. Utilitarianism - justification lies in the useful purpose punishment serves
a. Based on supposed benefits punishment would serve
* Punishment cannot be inflicted in the following cases:
1. Where it is groundless - act not mischievous upon the whole
2. Where it must be inefficacious - cannot act so as to prevent
the mischief
3. Where it is unprofitable or too expensive - mischief produced
would be greater than what it prevented
4. Where it is needless - where mischief may be prevented or cease
on its own

[1] Deterrence - The utilitarian theory is essentially one of deterrence - punishment is
justifiable if, but only if, it is expected to result in a reduction of crime. Punishment must be proportional to the crime, i.e., that punishment be inflicted in the amount required (but no more than is required) to satisfy utilitarian crime prevention goals. ...

Solution Summary

The goals of punishment and correction is given.