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Use of advances in criminal justice technology

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Your supervisor has asked you to prepare an article for the next issue of the Criminal Justice Technology Quarterly on how advances in criminal justice technology can improve resource deployment.

More specifically, in addition to giving an overview and several examples of advancing technologies in the criminal justice field, she would like your article to focus on information and dispatch systems, including information about how resource allocation benefits from improvements in those areas. Using the Library resources to aid your research, prepare your article according to your supervisor's request for submission to the Criminal Justice Technology Quarterly.

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We have to use more of advanced technologies:
We are becoming more dependent on technology and its various offshoots and incarnations. This reliance and to some extent dependence on technology, has had a ripple effect on other less obvious areas of society (Rogers, 2001; Schneier, 2002 and Schwartau, 2000). One such area is law enforcement and, more specifically, criminal investigations ( Kruse and Heiser, 2002). Historically, criminal investigations relied on such concepts as physical evidence, eyewitnesses, and confessions. Today, the criminal investigator must recognize that a vast amount of evidence will be in the electronic or digital form. The crime scene may consist of a computer system or network as opposed to the traditional 'physical' scene ( Kruse and Heiser, 2002). The eyewitness of today and tomorrow may be a computer generated 'log file'.
Hence criminal profiling plays an important role in forensics. Criminal psychological profiling is an investigative support tool used by skilled law enforcement operators to provide a possible psychological and behavioral profile of an unknown offender. This investigative tool does not provide the specific identity of an unknown offender, but it indicates the kind of person that most likely has committed a crime by focusing on crime scene analysis. Evidence, in fact, speaks its own language, which can reveal the salient behavioral and motivational patterns and the characteristics of an unknown offender. (Duke, 2008)

"The criminal profile is, therefore, deduced from a precise forensic examination and from a behavioural reconstruction of the entire criminal event. From the combination of these data, a profiler attempts to deduce the characteristics of an offender who most likely has ...

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This explains the use of advances in criminal justice technology for improvement in resource deployment

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Technology in Criminal Justice/Integration

1. Provide some examples of how technology has been accepted and integrated into various parts of the criminal justice system. Analyze how the integration of technology into the more mundane aspects of police work, such as completing paperwork, has increased officer productivity and decreased resource costs.

2. You have been asked to take part in a meeting regarding the possible benefit of purchasing some advanced forensic technologies to aid the currently outdated equipment at your local crime lab. Attending the discussion will be the city manager, police chief, and senior investigators from your department's criminal investigation division (including you). Your chief would like you and the other investigators to really sell the benefits and potential of advanced forensic capabilities to the city manager. In preparation for the meeting, analyze some possible benefits of upgrading your laboratory's forensic equipment and capability. Additionally, prepare a detailed outline with talking points you could use to contribute to the meeting. Be sure to have examples ready of some advanced forensic tools, their basic purpose, and how those tools would benefit your laboratory and department if successfully integrated into your available forensic arsenal.

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