Based on the scenario below, compile a list of major points to be discussed, major sources to use as references, a list of major constitutional issues and any assumptions that can be incorporated into the facts to make an analysis.
Scenario: Congress passed a statute entitled the Cell Phone Education Regulation Act (CPERA) to confront the possession and use of cellular phones by students in primary schools. Congress was concerned with the ability of students to cheat on exams and other assessments by using text messaging and other cellular functions, as well as the inability of school administration to address and control the problem. In CPERA, Congress provided for the
establishment of the Cellular Educational Service (CES), an agency to oversee the creation and enforcement of the necessary rules and regulations to meet the objectives of CPERA. CES unilaterally enacted a series of rules and regulations that required all students to undergo a search of their clothes, backpacks, lockers, and desks
each morning. The rules also permitted random searches to take place. A hidden provision in the regulation allowed for enforcement officials to target their investigations more towards female students than male students, since studies had shown that females talk on cellular phones more often than males.
Penalties for violating CES rules and regulations include the following: for a first offense, no hearing is held and the student receives a written warning; for a second offense, a hearing conducted by school officials is held and an automatic suspension is handed down; for a third offense, a full hearing is held by a board for the CES, after which a guilty finding results in expulsion, arrest, and incarceration for 30 days. School officials are also permitted, under the regulations, to permanently keep any cellular phones they confiscate.
A group of parents has come to the office where you work outraged by the substance of these rules and regulations. They are also upset by the fact that no notice was given or hearings held prior to the enactment of the rules and regulations. Finally, they do not think it was permissible for Congress to delegate to this agency the power to enforce regulations of this kind.
One parent in particular, Ted McKinley, is irate because his daughter, Martha, was reported for committing a third offense of the rules and regulations but was not given notice of her infraction or an opportunity to appear and defend herself against the charges. Martha was immediately expelled from school, arrested, and incarcerated. Her cellular phone was taken and not returned to her or her parents. The board of the CES decided that underage children lack sufficient capacity to appear of their own behalf at agency hearings, and determined unilaterally that Martha was guilty of violating the rules and regulations. Ted wishes to challenge in court the
agency's decision as well as ascertain what remedies he has against the government and school officials for their conduct.
Based on the below scenario, complie a list of major points to be discussed, major sources to use as references, a list of major constitutional issues and any assumptions that can be incorporated into the facts to make an analysis.
First and foremost it must be stated that the United States Constitution mandates Congress the autonomy to create agencies to determine legislative laws that are enforceable across the country. This is buffered by the fact that the Supreme Court has the right to use judicial review to analyze the constitutionality of any legislative statute issued by Congress or any agency created by Congress. The CPERA agency created by Congress would have the autonomy to develop laws regarding cellular phone use in primary schools but very serious constitutional issues are present within the scenario presented. These constitutional issues will be addressed along with the substantive administrative law that is the basis of administrative law. ...
The major constitutional issues and assumptions that can be incorporated into the facts to make an analysis is given.
Constitutional and Administrative Law
Week 7 DB 1
1. Explain with examples how the Eighth Amendment restricts the government's authority to make something a crime.
2. Analyze Papachristou v. City of Jacksonville. As a public administrator, explain whether there should be a higher concern for public safety or for individual rights. Support your position with examples or evidence
Week 7 DB 2
1. Evaluate United States v. Agurs. Another very important public policy issue is an appreciation for the difference between obtaining a high conviction rate or being perceived as "tough on crime," and seeking justice. Debate your position on the death penalty regarding whether it is used for justice or for other purposes. Support your position with examples or evidence.
2. In the text, it states that "the (Supreme) Court has agreed that the death penalty can be constitutionally sustained only if its imposition is consistent with 'evolving standards of decency'." With so many juveniles committing heinous crimes, take a position and debate as a public administrator on whether you think the death penalty should be allowed for juveniles?
Week 8 DB 1
1. Agency power combines the executive and legislative powers with respect to rule making and the legislative and judicial powers with respect to adjudication. Pick two agencies and compare and contrast the power each agency has in enforcing the regulations they are asked to uphold. Discuss why it is challenging for some agencies to enforce regulations and why it may be easy for other agencies to enforce regulations.
2. Evaluate Bring v. North Carolina State Bar. Apply the court's ruling on delegation to another situation of your choice to determine at what point delegation should stop.
Week 8 DB 2
1. It has been stated, "Judicial review is concerned, not with the decision, but with the decision-making process." Take a position on whether it should or should not be true. Support your position with examples or evidence.
2. Imagine a Libertarian is voted into the White House at the next presidential election. Speculate what this could do for any agency's judicial review process.
Week 9 DB 1
1. Despite widespread cynicism about public ethics, students are likely to agree that a rule of law depends on the perceived legitimacy of public officials and that legitimacy is impossible without widespread ethical behavior. Discuss with supporting example what can be done to cultivate ethical behavior in public officials.
2. Take a position on whether or not behavior should be governed by compliance with rules. Support your position with examples or evidence.
Week 9 DB 2
1. After reading the case summary, People v. Howard, if you were an Illinois state legislator, would you support a bill in response to People v. Howard that provides that only conduct specifically prescribed by a state statute may be a predicate offense for official misconduct? Why or why not?
2. Evaluate Van Itallie v. Franklin Lakes. Based on the facts described in Van Itallie v. Franklin Lakes, take a position and explain what you would have done differently, if anything, if you were the council members.