The "Chicago School" is considered foundational to many who study crime and society. What is important about it? What did it accomplish if anything?© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 2, 2022, 11:39 am ad1c9bdddf
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The "Chicago School" is important because it is the fundamental principle that we learn our criminology that we are not looking at the criminal as individual who is born to be criminal. "The theme of the Chicago school focused upon human behavior as determined by social and physical environmental factors, rather than genetic, personal characteristics. The school believed the community to be a major factor on human behavior and that the city functioned as a microcosm" (DeMelo, 1999). We get a better understanding that there are other issues affecting a human being into committing a crime.
Furthermore, "Chicago criminologists clearly saw pathology in the city which led to criminality. The Chicago School clearly stressed humans as social creatures and their behavior as a product of their social environment. The social environment provides values and definitions that govern behavior" (DeMelo, 1999). Due to that reason, more theories later on are being developed to reason other social factors are to be crime causations instead of argued mainly that a person is born criminal based on his/her features.
Without the development of "Chicago School", I do not believe there will be so many different theories being developed. Most of the theories are still revolved around the "Chicago School", such as strain theory, social bond theory, etc.
DeMelo, D. (1999). Chicago School. Retrieved June 20, 2008 from http://www.wku.edu/~john.faine/soc332/diane.pdf© BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com October 2, 2022, 11:39 am ad1c9bdddf>