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Crime Control and Due Process Models

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Crime Control and Due Process Models

The crime control and due process models represent opposing views of the purpose of the criminal justice system. The tenets of each model influence all levels of the system from police procedure to correctional policy.

During Earl Warren's term as Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court, the court made several landmark decisions that drastically altered the procedures followed by police and prosecutors. Among these were the decisions handed down in the Mapp, Miranda, Gideon, and Escobedo cases.

Keeping the differences of the two models in mind, prepare a 4 page document in Microsoft Word document which addresses the following points:

Which model is evident in the above-referenced decisions of the Warren Court? Give proper reasoning and also analyze how these decisions can affect police procedures.
What are the significant operational differences between the crime control model and the due process model? Also, how do the police, court, or correctional procedures differ depending on which model is being followed?
Which model seems to be currently in effect in the United States? Explain.
What is the impact of each model on victims of crime? Explain.
Support your responses with examples.

Cite any sources in APA format.

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Solution Preview

http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/lesson_106_notes.htm

Keeping the differences of the two models in mind, prepare a 4 page document in Microsoft Word document which addresses the following points:

Which model is evident in the above-referenced decisions of the Warren Court? Give proper reasoning and also analyze how these decisions can affect police procedures.

The model that is evident in the Warren Court decisions is the Due Process model as the Warren Court is the Court responsible for actually providing minorities with their constitutionally guaranteed due process rights after over 100 years of the Crime Control model. In Mapp v. Ohio, the Court accurately ruled that any evidence that was obtained illegally, which is evidence obtained without a search warrant, would be inadmissible and not allowed in court. Although this was a constitutionally guaranteed right afforded by the Fourth Amendment, it was rarely respected when suspects were minorities, and the suspect in this case was a minority African American female. The case effectively changed policing by creating the exclusionary rule, which made all states exclude any evidence that was obtained illegally by police.

The Escobedo case was important for Due Process as it extended the exclusionary rule to confessions that were obtained illegally wherein defendants requested a lawyer after police began to ...

Solution Summary

Crime control and due process models are analyzed. THe tenets of each model influence all levels of the systems from police procedure to correctional policy are given.

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