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Law and Ethical Considerations

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1.Judge Weiner points out that Smyth's e-mail messages were "voluntarily" placed on the Pillsbury system, and that Pillsbury never forced the kind of disclosure that goes along with urine testing for drugs, for example. In a sense, the judge is saying that Smyth consented to the monitoring. Do you agree?
2.What impact has 9/11 had on one's individual right to privacy? Has this impact been a positive or a negative for society?
3.Hi-tech surveillance is not soley directed by employers at workers. American businesses have always been interested in capturing confidential information and trade secrets from competitors. How far can a company go in this direction without crossing the line?
4.Try to image yourself in Albany as this New York law was being debated. What policy issues might have been raised in favor of passing the law? Against?( question 2. state of new york against Walmart. ATTACHED IS THE LINK:http://books.google.fr/books?id=HejmJSrzGK8C&pg=PA95&lpg=PA95&dq=in+february+1993,+defendant+discharged+two+of+its+employees&source=bl&ots=bq96YvWRqd&sig=2vVTskQsZAN6u0efvTF5waxuc1Y&hl=fr&ei=Rn1uToi_MIbx0gHpmdCJBQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&sqi=2&ved=0CCkQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=in%20february%201993%2C%20defendant%20discharged%20two%20of%20its%20employees&f=false
5.Do you agree that there should be a difference between the treatment of prospective as opposed to current employees where drug testing is concerned?
6.Why do you think employers are interested in the results of genetic testing of their employees? In addition, do you believe an employer should be able to require an employee to have a genetic test done as a condition of their employment? Why or why not?

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I agree with the judge's conclusion that Smith's participation in the use of the Pillsbury system was indeed voluntary, and that the Pillsbury never forced the level of disclosure that is required when individuals submit to urinalysis testing. Smith voluntarily used the Pillsbury system, with the knowledge that there would be guidelines and ramifications against inappropriate communications, and this in of itself would alert any reasonable person that the e-mail communications with have to be monitored by this organization in order to make the determination as to whether or not there were inappropriate communications between the users of the system. So in essence, I would totally agree that Smith voluntarily used the system with full knowledge of its ramifications, and the possible probable outcomes involved with the use of the system.

2. I believe that 9/11 has had a somewhat significant impact on an individual's right to privacy in certain situations. An Individual's reasonable expectation of a right to privacy has been altered in some ways, due to the fact that national security takes precedence over an individual's rights to privacy in some respects. An individual can still expect to be protected under the fourth amendment of the United States Constitution ...

See Also This Related BrainMass Solution

Ethical Considerations in International Retailers

Dracca is prohibited from selling its Funny Bunny toys in the United States because they do not meet product safety guidelines. Because there is a high profit margin on these toys, Dracca sells them overseas via electronic contracts. Dracca offered 100 cartons of Funny Bunny toys to a retailer in Canada known as Northern Toys, Ltd (NT). NT accepted the offer, stating, "We accept your offer for 100 cartons of Funny Bunny toys, but require an additional 20 cartons of Happy Hippos for the same price."

Another international retailer with which Dracca does business is Baby Supplier out of Mexico. Baby Supplier discovered it could easily manufacture the GlideStride stroller for much cheaper in its plant in Mexico City. The GlideStride is patent pending in the United States.
The GlideStride is shipped to six other countries, including several countries in the European Union. Upon shipment to the EU, a Dracca employee offered a customs official $1,000 U.S. dollars in exchange for levying duties on only half of the shipment. This could save Dracca $5,700 U.S. dollars over a two-month period.

The GlideStride is manufactured by Dracca in Indonesia at a plant that employs children as young as eight. Recently, a television news program in the United States reported that Dracca products were made in factories where workers were paid less than the applicable minimum wage, were required to work excessive overtime, and were exposed to toxic chemicals in violation of applicable health and safety laws. It was noted that the GlideStride could not be manufactured in the United States due to environmental restrictions.

Dracca issued publicity refuting the allegations of the television report. Tanya Crier sued Dracca on behalf of the public, claiming Dracca's statements were false and misleading. Dracca moved to dismiss the complaint, noting its statements were protected under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.

In light of these facts, please respond to the following questions using course material and credible outside research to support your findings.

1.) What are the ethical considerations of Dracca selling the Funny Bunny toys in Canada when they are banned in the United States?

2.) Under the CISG, has Dracca entered a contract with NT? Why or why not?

3.) What are the legal and ethical ramifications of the Dracca employee's offer to the customs official?

4.) What legal and ethical issues are presented by Baby Supplier's manufacture of the GlideStride?

5.) What legal and ethical issues are presented by the working conditions of Dracca's Indonesian factory?

6.) Can a corporation such as Dracca participating in a public debate be subjected to liability for factual inaccuracies? Would the First Amendment protection apply to Dracca's statements?

7.) What actions (internal and external) do you recommend to Dracca to remedy the ethical and legal considerations of this scenario? Be specific and detailed, and be sure to base recommendations on relevant legal and ethical principles.

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