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World War II To Present, American Presidents, Challenges

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1. Evaluate Richard Nixon as president, focusing on his policies in the United States and abroad.
2. Describe the economic conditions of the 1970s, including stagflation and the end of the post-World War II economic boom, and describe how Presidents Ford and Carter attempted to confront the problem.
3. Describe the perpetuation of 1960s-style activism and how it transformed into a politics of identity in the 1970s.
4. Evaluate the domestic policies of Ronald Reagan as president, including the economic challenges the country faced in the 1980s.
5. Discuss the problems Reagan's successor faced in paying for the "Reagan revolution."
6. Describe the conditions for and aftermath of the end of the Cold War.
7. Discuss the technological revolution that took place during Bill Clinton's presidency, and describe the social and economic changes that took place as a result of this revolution.

8. Discuss the new focus on multiculturalism that grew during the latter part of the twentieth century.
9. Explain what makes the description of America as actually "two Americas" an accurate one.
10. Describe George W. Bush's plans for democracy in the Middle East, and assess the degree of success he had.
11. Explain some of the hopes and frustrations of Barack Obama's first years in office.

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Solution Summary

Historical summary of Technological revolution and Reagan as well as Nixon

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1. Evaluate Richard Nixon as president, focusing on his policies in the United States and abroad.

Nixon's presidency was the embodiment of illegality, secrecy, and failure, which is why he resigned before he was going to be impeached. In the United States, Nixon was far more interested in foreign policy than in domestic affairs. His presidency's highlights were centered around foreign policy successes. Of lasting importance were treaties Nixon signed to control the growth of nuclear arms with the Soviet Union, the development of formal diplomatic relations with China, and other foreign policy endeavors that resulted in agreements on science, space, and trade.

2. Describe the economic conditions of the 1970s, including stagflation and the end of the post-World War II economic boom, and describe how Presidents Ford and Carter attempted to confront the problem.

The most serious periods of stagflation were in 1973-1974/1975 and 1979-1981 causing recessions, rising unemployment and rising inflation. Severe years of surging inflation and unemployment were the catalyst of the first (1973-1974) and second oil shocks (1979-1980). President Ford focused on inflation launching the Whip Inflation Now (WIN) campaign, which voluntarily requested Americans to save their money rather than spend it. The campaign was an utter bust with no effect on stagflation. Ford also reduced spending and the Federal Reserve Board raised interest rates as well as issuing out a large tax cut to attempt to stimulate the economy. Carter reversed Ford's policy of dealing with the inflation side of stagflation by first attacking high unemployment.

3. Describe the perpetuation of 1960s-style activism and how it transformed into a politics of identity in the 1970s.

Neo-progressivism, which was perpetuated in the 1960s by the New Left transformed American politics in the 1970s by combining personal politics and cultural politics wherein cultural groups are entitled to special status as the twin pillars of a new identity politics.

3. Evaluate the domestic policies of Ronald Reagan as president, including the economic challenges the country faced in the 1980s.

The 1980s resulted in a ...

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