The First World War proved to be a rude awakening for European soldiers and civilians whose nineteenth century imperial ambitions and expectations clashed disastrously with twentieth century technology. What impact did the violence and the harsh realities of modern warfare have on the political and social beliefs of those on the battlefield and those on the homefront?
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Besides the technology advances, perhaps most damaging of all were the out dated tactics used by the Europeans powers. Each side attempted to flank the other which caused the great trenches to be built and which evolved into a stalemate from late 1914 until 1917 when the United States entered the war.
The technology which was most damaging was the advent of air power, not in the sense that we know today but from a strictly observation standpoint. Armies were hard pressed to hide their intentions as ...
The technology which was most damaging was the advent of air power, not in the sense that we know today but from a strictly observation standpoint. Armies were hard pressed to hide their intentions as observation planes and zeppelins watched their every move. Incidentally this gave way to the development of fighter aircraft. Additionally, the use of barbed wire coupled with the machine gun did much to increase the carnage during the war. The use of chemical weapons such as mustard, ammonia, and chlorine gas delivered by artillery shells also added to the carnage. The immense size of the artillery as well as increase in explosive power added significantly to the violence.