Describe the Ottoman-Turkish Empire's repression policies against secessionist minorities (Greek-Balkan Christians, Armenian Christians, Assyrian Christians) and non-Turkish subject Muslim populations (Arabs and Kurds) in the 1820s-1918.
Hi and thank you for using Brainmass. Your post is very interesting primarily because it contends with a specific element in Turkish/Middle Eastern History. This particular period is at the last century of the Empire's power, one of the most powerful that has ever risen in the region. When at its height, it controlled a good chunk of South-eastern Europe, the Middle East, a good chunk of North Africa and Anatolia - the landmass we call Asia Minor that includes present-day Turkey, Syria and parts of Armenia, Georgia, Iran and Iraq.
About the Ottoman Empire
With this massive territorial sway, the Empire that began in 1299 and dissolved in 1923 is expectedly multicultural - aside from the Muslim majority it had a good contingent of Christians, Jews, Armenians, Assyrians, and Coptic Egyptians, among others. Within its Muslim contingent, the largest entity is also subdivided from the Sunni Turkish minority living in Anatolia and the Shia Muslims as well as according to ethnicity - a question of whether one is ethnic Turk, or an Arab or a Kurd (the people from the north of present-day Iraq). With the Ottoman Empire being one centered on faith, it is a wonder then that for some time - known as the Pax Ottoman - these peoples came to work, live and prosper together under the rule of the Sultan or the Padishah (of whom the most ideal, according to annals was Suleiman the Magnificent who ruled from 1520-1566).
The period from the 1820's towards the 1918's largely contains a period in Ottoman History known as the 'Tanzimat Reforms'. This was in response to the 'weakening of the Empire from within' as the empire was challenged by the 'modernization and independence' of nation states around it (i.e. the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Austria-Hungary formation, early revolutions in Russia - ...
The expert describes the Ottoman-Turkish Empire's repression policies against secessionist minorities (Greek-Balkan Christians, Armenian Christians, Assyrian Christians) and non-Turkish subject Muslim populations (Arabs and Kurds) in the 1820s-1918.