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Glasnost & Perestroika

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What impact did glasnost (openness), perestroika (restructuring), and demokratizatsiia (democratization) have on Communist society? Were these principles compatible with collectivization and a command economy? Did Communist leaders favor these principles or did they feel that their hands were tied once they were introduced to Communist society?

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Glasnost, Perestroika & Demokratizatsiia

When Mikhail Gorbachev came to power, he tried to institute a vision of social change in Russia. From 1985 he was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and from 1988 he served as the Head of State of USSR until it was dissolved in 1991. In the 6 years that he held said powerful positions, he tried to introduce 3 concepts that he felt was most important - glasnost (openness), perestroika (restructuring), and ...

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The solution provides insight and advise to help the student tackle the question set (see above) on the topic of (Gobachev's) glasnost, perestroika and demokratizatiia, in particular it's impact, reception and compatibility on the communist society of the former USSR. Resources are listed to further explore the topic.

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Mikhail Gorbachev started the economic reorganization in 1985 to save the faltering Soviet economy. He understood that the old command economy was not doing much good to the country. He wanted to introduce moderate and controlled reforms. With the introduction of Perestroika, he moved away from the traditional command economy, but not entirely to the market economy. The traditional communist hardliners found it difficult to adjust with the new reforms. The top brass of the factories continued to tighten their grip over the workers. Gorbachev also lacked the support of the common people. The new economic system and free market economy was foreign to them and they failed to adjust to the new policies of the government. When the workers were dismissed from the factories to reduce the cost, they staged open protest as glasnost gave them freedom of expression

Mikhail Gorbachev started the economic reorganization in 1985 with a view to save the faltering Soviet economy. Gorbachev understood that the old command economy was not doing much good to the country and was not producing enough consumer goods. He wanted to introduce moderate and controlled reforms. With the introduction of Perestroika, he moved away from the traditional command economy, but not entirely to the market economy. Glasnost and Perestroika demonstrated the determination of Gorbachev to drift away from the Stalinist idea of collectivization and terror. The traditional communist hardliners found it difficult to adjust with the new reforms. They suspected that Gorbachev was compromising the communist ideals and principles. As a result, they refused to cooperate with the reforms leading to minor changes in the Soviet economy. The top brass of the factories did not comprehend the new economic polices of the government., hence they continued to tighten their control over the workers. Gorbachev also lacked the support of the common people. The new economic system and free market economy was foreign to them and they failed to adjust to the new policies of the government. When the workers were dismissed from the factories to reduce the cost, they staged open protest as glasnost gave them freedom of expression. Inspite of several flaws, it cannot be denied that the reforms of Gorbachev molded Russia into a capitalistic society.

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