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    Western Civilization

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    Question 1

    Which was not true of life as a factory worker in the early nineteenth century?

    a high percentage of workers were women and children

    employers used fines and physical punishment to impose discipline

    government regulation protected workers from cyclical unemployment

    workers frequently labored twelve hours or more a day

    children and women were paid less than men

    Question 2

    The Congress of Vienna's goal was to

    promote national self-determination.

    restore the balance of power.

    contain Prussian aggression.

    allocate overseas colonies fairly among the Great Powers.

    contain Metternich's expansionist ambitions.

    Question 3

    Which concept is not representative of conservative thought as it evolved in response to the French Revolution?

    social order

    natural rights of the individual

    humanity as proud and wicked

    continuity

    social hierarchy

    Question 4

    The utopian socialists Saint Simon, Fourier, and Owen

    rejected all private property.

    accepted the place allotted women in bourgeois society.

    believed that sensual pleasure should be suppressed.

    believed that modern economic development was damaging the community.

    believed that competition was essential to creating a free society.

    Question 5

    After the fall of Napoleon, France

    reverted to the social and political order that had characterized the old regime before 1789.

    was refused a place among the great nations of Europe.

    kept many changes of the revolutionary and Napoleonic regimes.

    experienced more repression than any other European country.

    disintegrated into civil war.

    Question 6

    The majority of Europeans in the nineteenth century were

    industrial workers.

    artisans.

    peasants.

    members of the middle class.

    aristocrats.

    Question 7

    Which statement is true about nineteenth-century industrial workers?

    housing conditions were better than in the country

    working conditions made them highly susceptible to diseases such as tuberculosis

    for the most part, employment was dependable

    no matter how poor their wages, they could count on being paid

    workers' standard of living dramatically increased in the late nineteenth century

    Question 8

    Economic differentiation meant that
    Answer

    different countries specialize in economic activities most suited to their climate and resources.

    different types of business organization are allowed by law.

    workers must learn a variety of skills to stay employed.

    groups and institutions become more specialized by function as industrialization progresses.

    family members specialized in distinct skills

    Question 9

    Which best describes the fortunes of political reformers in Spain and Italy in the decade after the fall of Napoleon?

    revolts in favor of a constitutional government were put down by outside forces

    free press led to occasional arrests but brought reformers a mass following

    reformers gained the support of the Catholic church

    their movements lost ground as traditional rulers proved capable of providing stable, efficient governments

    Italian intervention prevented the establishment of a constitutional government

    Question 10

    The Decembrists

    assassinated Alexander.

    upheld serfdom.

    called for a Russian constitution.

    were defeated by Alexander.

    called for the restoration of Napoleon.

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    Solution Preview

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    Before we begin let me make a few notes. As an OTA, the goal is to not provide material that a student can simply print-off and submit as their own. The job of the OTA is NOT to complete an assignment for the student, but to provide ideas, definitions, research help, and instructions on how the student should approach the problem. Therefore, I will give you advice, hints, and further material and instructions to point you in the right direction.

    Question 1
    Which was not true of life as a factory worker in the early nineteenth century?

    Government regulations did NOT protect workers from cyclical unemployment. Workers, who were mostly women and young children, were easily replaceable. Furthermore, they were not paid well, were treated poorly, and were often abused if they complained or worked too slowly.

    Question 2
    The Congress of Vienna's goal was to...

    The Congress of Vienna was an international conference that was called in order to remake Europe after the downfall of Napoleon I. Many territorial decisions had to be made in the conference that was held in Vienna, Austria, from September 1814 to June 1815. The main goal of the conference was to create a balance of power that would preserve the peace.

    Question 3
    Which concept is not representative of conservative ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution outlines various historical events about Western Civilization. These include: Congress of Vienna, Conservative thought during the French revolution, the utopian socialists Saint Simon, Fourier, and Owen, the Decembrists, and nineteenth century industrial workers.

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