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Scientific history & progress

What is the text's definition of scientific progress and how does it relate to cultural advancement?

On page 117 of our text, Writer Ziauddin Sardar is quoted:

The conventional (Western) history of science... does not recognize different types of civilization or cultural sciences. It has represented Western science as the apex of science, and maintained its monopoly in four basic ways. First, it denied the achievements of non-Western cultures and civilizations as real science, dismissing them as superstition, myth, and folklore. Second, the histories of non-Western sciences were largely written account of the general history of science. Third, it rewrote the history of the origins of European civilization to make it self-generating... fourth, through conquest and colonization, Europe appropriated the sciences of other civilizations, suppressed the knowledge of their origins, and recycled them as Western.

Using chapter 4 as your basis, explain what Sadar's statement means in terms of scientific history and progress.

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Dear Student,
Hi and thank you for using Brainmass. The solution below should get you started. It is a discussion of the ideas by Sardar. If you have your own take on the matter, include it in your final answer just to make sure that your own ideas are represented too. If you do not have a copy of Sardar's full article, you can use the link below. If you have any questions, just let me know via the feedback section. Good luck!

Sincerely,
OTA 105878/Xenia Jones
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Sardar on Scientific Progress and Cultural Advancement

Pakistan-born British Polymath Ziauddin Sardar is a prolific writer and critic of culture whose work focuses on Islamic history, culture and science. He promotes diversity and has a healthy respect for world cultures and worldviews stating that there are many ways that we practice our lives as human beings. In the statement he released in the text which follows as such,

"The conventional (Western) history of science... does not recognize different types of civilization or cultural sciences. It has represented Western science as the apex of science, and maintained its monopoly in four basic ways. First, it denied the achievements of non-Western cultures and civilizations as real science, dismissing them as superstition, myth, and folklore. Second, the histories of non-Western sciences were largely written account of the general history of science. Third, it rewrote the history of the origins of European civilization to make ...

Solution Summary

The ideas of polynath Ziauddin Sardar on thw topic of science as it relates to history and progress is discussed and explored. A link to Sardar's full article is provided as well as a list of references for further investigation of the topic.

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