1) How and why did the US escalate the Vietnam War?
2) What was the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
3) Why does the Gulf of Tonkin incident matter not just for the past, but for the present?
4) What was LBJ's Guns and Butler approach? Did it work?
5) How did the war impact Americans at home? What brought the war, America's longest and least successful, to a close?
6) Are there any parallels to then and the situation now in Iraq?
1) Basically the Vietnam Conflict grew as a result of the Cold War and growing communist expansion. Eisenhower's philosophy of "containment" and non-direct involvement tended to actually escalate the conflict, because the French and South Vietnamese simply gained more support from the USSR and China, and put the South and its allies (the U.S. the major one) at a disadvantage early. The U.S. would never truly recover that initial disadvantage until Nixon became highly aggressive with physical attack.
2) Essentially it was the incident that gave the U.S. its official involvement status in the Vietnam Conflict. Johnson announced ships had been attacked directly, and the Congress passed the measure for the presidency to do whatever it took to defend the country in that conflict.
3) That last point should sound especially familiar to the power granted to the ...
The expert examines addressing the Vietnam Conflict is determined.