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World War II and Cold War at Home and Abroad

What were the causes of intense fear of communist subversion in the late 1940s and early 1950s? Who were the key figures in the "Second Red Scare" and what long- term impact did the Red Scare have on American society?

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A second so-called "Red Scare" emerged in 1945 as the domestic counterpart to the Cold War abroad and reached its peak during the Korean War. Since the threat seemed so real a special House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) kept up a barrage of accusations about subversives in government. The HUAC played an active role in fanning the anti-communist hysteria. In 1947 it held widely publicized hearings on communist infiltration in the film industry. The "Hollywood Ten": a group of writers who were cited for contempt of court and sent to prison. Hollywood took steps to black list anyone with a questionable past. Perhaps the single case most damaging to the administration involved Alger Hiss, a former State Department Official. In 1948, former Soviet agent Whittaker Chambers told ...

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