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    World War II and Cold War at Home and Abroad

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    What were the causes of intense fear of communist subversion in the late 1940s and early 1950s? Who were the key figures in the "Second Red Scare" and what long- term impact did the Red Scare have on American society?

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    A second so-called "Red Scare" emerged in 1945 as the domestic counterpart to the Cold War abroad and reached its peak during the Korean War. Since the threat seemed so real a special House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) kept up a barrage of accusations about subversives in government. The HUAC played an active role in fanning the anti-communist hysteria. In 1947 it held widely publicized hearings on communist infiltration in the film industry. The "Hollywood Ten": a group of writers who were cited for contempt of court and sent to prison. Hollywood took steps to black list anyone with a questionable past. Perhaps the single case most damaging to the administration involved Alger Hiss, a former State Department Official. In 1948, former Soviet agent Whittaker Chambers told ...