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Union Policy Towards Slavery

In 1860, the institution of slavery was firmly entrenched in the United States; by 1865, it was dead. How did this happen? How did the Union policy towards slavery and enslaved people change over the course of the war? Why did it change?

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In a letter to Horace Greeley in August of 1862, Abraham Lincoln explained his view on slavery in America, "If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that".

Slavery was not firmly entrenched in the United States in 1860, that premise is incorrect. Slavery as an institution that was in decline economically, with recent European immigrants from Ireland suffering the perils of the free market in much of America. In 1808, the slave trade was declared illegal and smugglers caught importing African or Caribbean ...

Solution Summary

In a letter to Horace Greeley in August of 1862, Abraham Lincoln explained his view on slavery in America, "If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that".

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