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English Colonies in the New World

The serious colonial explorations began with the launch of two Joint stock companies; Virginia Company of Plymouth and Virginia company of London Basically, there were three types of English colonies; Royal colonies, Proprietary colonies and self-governing colonies. New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia were Royal colonies. Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland were proprietary colonies. Rhode Island and Connecticut were self-governing or chartered colonies. The first Royal colony, Virginia was started under the Joint stock Company of London. When the colony was developed, the colonists formed the General Assembly and later the House of Burgesses. House of Burgesses was the first representative government in the New World.

After the Mayflower Compact of 1620, the settlers of Plymouth colony decided to rule themselves and thus began the idea of self-government. Mayflower Compact was the best example of self-government in the colonies. Massachusetts Bay Colony was functioned at first with the help of General Court and later the membership of the General Court was widened to include more free people. Religion played an important part in the administration. The economies of the New England colonies were based on agriculture, fishing, manufacturing, ship building and trade.

The Middle Colonies were ruled by the royal governor. The colonists were dependent on the production of grain, shipping, and fur trade. The colonists in Newyork and New Jersey got the right of self-governance. There were three groups of people in the middle colonies; the gentry, rich and best educated. The middle colonies were known as the "bread basket" of the colones as they exported as amount of grain. In contrast to New England and Middle colonies, the southern colonies were rural in nature. The plantations needed large scale laborers and at the outset, there was the system of indentured servitude. Later, they had brought African slaves and started the system of slavery.

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The English Colonies

The serious colonial explorations began with the launch of two Joint stock companies; Virginia Company of Plymouth and Virginia company of London Basically, there were three types of English colonies; Royal colonies, Proprietary colonies and self-governing colonies. New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia were Royal colonies. Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland were proprietary colonies. Rhode Island and Connecticut were ...

Solution Summary

This solution is about the general condition of the English colonies of 18th century in the New World.

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