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    Your childhood friend has been overweight ever since you knew him. He is a kind and gentle "big" guy, who is now 28 years old and is about 25 pounds overweight. Otherwise he feels he is "healthy." He drinks a cup of black coffee and a donut or Danish for breakfast. He usually grabs a burger, fries, and a large coke for lunch. Dinner is usually frozen dinner and more sodas. He does not eat snack, as he usually is too busy at the office. He also seldom drinks water as the office supplies coffee and tea to employees. He does not drink alcohol or smoke. He seldom eats fruits and vegetables. He has recently been introduced to a woman whom he thinks is "the one." This woman observes healthy lifestyle. He would like to get to know her better and does not think that she would be much interested at his present physical state. He wants your advice, as he knows you are taking a nutrition course.

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    Please refer to attached file response, and supporting document. I hope this helps and take care.

    Health Sciences, Wellness/Lifestyle Analysis
    Year 4
    advise to a overweight friend
    ________________________________________
    Your childhood friend has been overweight ever since you knew him. He is a kind and gentle "big" guy, who is now 28 years old and is about 25 pounds overweight. Otherwise he feels he is "healthy." He drinks a cup of black coffee and a donut or Danish for breakfast. He usually grabs a burger, fries, and a large coke for lunch. Dinner is usually frozen dinner and more sodas. He does not eat snack, as he usually is too busy at the office. He also seldom drinks water as the office supplies coffee and tea to employees. He does not drink alcohol or smoke. He seldom eats fruits and vegetables. He has recently been introduced to a woman whom he thinks is "the one." This woman observes healthy lifestyle. He would like to get to know her better and does not think that she would be much interested at his present physical state. He wants your advice, as he knows you are taking a nutrition course. (please make it at least 100 words)

    No files attached.
    ________________________________________
    Bid Credits: 2 Deadline: March 11, 2005, 7:06 pm EST

    Scenario:

    1. Your childhood friend has been overweight ever since you knew him. He is a kind and gentle "big" guy, who is now 28 years old and is about 25 pounds overweight... He has recently been introduced to a woman whom he thinks is "the one." This woman observes healthy lifestyle. He would like to get to know her better and does not think that she would be much interested at his present physical state. He wants your advice, as he knows you are taking a nutrition course. Otherwise he feels he is "healthy."
    2. He drinks a cup of black coffee and a donut or Danish for breakfast.
    3. He usually grabs a burger, fries, and a large coke for lunch.
    4. Dinner is usually frozen dinner and more sodas.
    5. He does not eat snack, as he usually is too busy at the office.
    6. He also seldom drinks water as the office supplies coffee and tea to employees.
    7. He does not drink alcohol or smoke.
    8. He seldom eats fruits and vegetables. He has recently been introduced to a woman whom he thinks is "the one." This woman observes healthy lifestyle. He would like to get to know her better and does not think that she would be much interested at his present physical state. He wants your advice, as he knows you are taking a nutrition course.

    The above information reported by your friend includes both healthy eating habits (i.e., He does not eat snack, as he usually is too busy at the office, he does not drink alcohol or smoke) and unhealthy eating habits (i.e., his choose of food does not provide the necessary vitamins, minerals, protein, etc.). First, I would inform him of the importance of making a personal commitment (i.e., preferably a written contract to himself that he is committed to loose 25 pounds, 2 pounds a week until he is at his goal weight—which will have to be decided by him) to loose weight. This would include his goal weight, as well as a plan to meet his goal. See benefits at http://www.nms.on.ca/Elementary/healthy_in__out.htm

    Decrease calorie intake. First I would advise that it is important that he understands his present diet (i.e., foods he eats, how much, total caloric intake, etc.) and where his calories are coming. Therefore, I would advise him to keep a food log for a week keeping track of everything he eats and drinks. In other words, I would advise dieting by eating healthy http://www.nms.on.ca/Secondary/dieting.htm.

    Inform and educate. I would also offer him information (i.e., pamphlet about the potential health risks associated with being over weight if he is interested in this type of intervention of course, healthy diets, nutrients necessary for good health, daily caloric intake, etc.), especially information of what constitutes a health diet—one that he could loose weight on yet be healthy. Since he came to you for advise, he probably will be open to these suggestions. I would advise him to read this information the first week while he is keeping his log. The more he knows about his eating habits and what food choices and healthy/unhealthy the better his chances of being successful. I may provide him with information such as 10 healthy eating tips (see http://www.nms.on.ca/Elementary/10_tips_to_healty_eating_and_phy.htm), the essential nutrients (http://www.nms.on.ca/Elementary/exploring_nutrition.htm), calorie count (http://www.nms.on.ca/Elementary/calorie_countdown_fun.htm),

    Initially (i.e., prior to keeping his food log) I would provide a brief summary of his reported diet. I would point out that his diet has some healthy habits (i.e., He does not eat snacks, he does not drink alcohol or smoke), but others are unhealthy habits as his food choices are mostly high calorie, high fat food choices (i.e. a burger, fries, and a large coke for lunch; frozen dinner and more sodas for dinner; seldom drinks water as the office supplies coffee and tea to employees and seldom eats fruits and vegetables). Snacks can be a good thing is they are from the healthy food choices (i.e., complex carbohydrates food group--fruits, vegetable, low fat milk, yogurt, etc.). Generally, (i.e. although his daily food log will confirm my initial observations) he seems to be eating foods that are high in calories but low in nutrients (i.e., donuts, T.V dinners, fast foods, etc.). These foods will need to be replaced with healthy food choices, both for weight loss and for a diet that still will provide him with the necessary daily nutrients to stay healthy. His diet is high in saturated fat and trans fat —the "unhealthy" fat (i.e., donuts, fast foods—hamburger, French fries, coke, etc.) and seems to be lower in the foods that provide the healthy fats (i.e., monounsaturated and polyunsaturated—vegetable fats, such as olive oil, salmon, fish, chicken, etc.). Thus, for breakfast he would need to substitute foods from the three major food groups—protein (i.e., fish whenever possible, low fat cheese, low fat milk, yogurt, etc.), fats (i.e., non-hydrogenated margarines, low fat milk, cheeses, etc.), and carbohydrates (choose complex carbohydrates whenever possible—green and yellow veggies, cooked cereals—oat meal, and fruit over white breads, pastas, etc.). The essential 6 nutrients are found at http://www.nms.on.ca/Elementary/exploring_nutrition.htm. It is important to keep your food group ratio to around 1 fat: 2 protein: 3carbohydatres per meal. Breakfast is very important and should be about one third of the total daily intake. 8 cups of water should be consumed throughout the day. Stop drinking soft drinks (high in sugar and calories) and choose fruit juices (i.e., V-8, orange juice) to keep within his daily caloric intake. Do not eat anything right before bed. His last food intake should be 2 to 2 and half hours before he retires.

    Exercise I would advise that he introduce a daily exercise program, which will have the potential to increase weight loss through burning of excess calories, tone muscles and burn fat, as well as provides a healthy mental attitude necessary to stay committed to his program and, thus succeed. For weight control, you should exercise for at least a half an hour each time. Of course, most will not be able to start off at this pace, but should work towards it (see attachment "healthy eating" for further details).

    Canada Food Guide or food guide Pyramid. Something simple and easy to understand, such as the Canada Food Guide (http://www.nms.on.ca/Elementary/canada.htm) or the Food Guide Pyramid US (http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/Fpyr/pyramid.html) promotes a healthy eating pattern and suggests portion sizes and meal choices as well. Keeping in mind though that the caloric intake is based on weight maintenance, and thus he will be eating the lower number of servings for each meal and cut the portions size (for calorie count by gender and age see (http://www.nms.on.ca/Elementary/calorie_countdown_fun.htm). I would not advise, diets that are not balanced (i.e., Atkins or low fat (i.e., need the healthy fat for health—fish and vegetable sources) but eat in moderation from all the food groups choosing the healthy choices as often as possible. For example, one coke on Friday would be okay, but not 3 cokes every day. 2 or so cups of coffee or tea are okay, but 8 or 10 cups in the place of water is not okay. A healthy goal is to loose 2 pounds a week by decreasing portion sizes and a health diet (see attachment "Healthy Eating"), not 10 or 12 pounds a week through crash diets.

    For example, by following Canada's Food Guide to Healthy Eating and by:
    • Eating a variety of foods,
    • Choosing more grain products
    • Choosing lower fat options such as low fat milk and trimming away excess fat on meat
    • Maintaining a healthy body weight
    • Participating in regular physical activity
    Feeling good about yourself you will have the best chance of staying fit and enjoying life to its fullest (http://www.nms.on.ca/Elementary/canada.htm).

    FINAL COMMENT: Basically, then I would advise him to loose weight through improving his eating habit (as opposed to dieting), getting on the right track, eat less fat, cut down on high calorie extras, exercise, and choose activity he likes. Other hints and tips I would offer my friend:
    • Always be positive in yourself and your ability to reach a healthy weight.
    • Lose your weight slowly; no one-day wonder has ever worked.
    • Weigh yourself occasionally, not continually.
    • Don't get hung up in minor weight changes.
    • Give yourself time to adjust to your new eating and exercise habits.

    See Canada food Guide at http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hpfb-dgpsa/onpp-bppn/food_guide_rainbow_e.html, the essential 6 nutrients http://www.nms.on.ca/Elementary/exploring_nutrition.htm, dieting by eating healthy http://www.nms.on.ca/Secondary/dieting.htm.
    I hope this helps and take care.

    This content was COPIED from BrainMass.com - View the original, and get the already-completed solution here!

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com December 24, 2021, 5:13 pm ad1c9bdddf>
    https://brainmass.com/health-sciences/nutrition-science/advise-overweight-friend-35566

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