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Infectious and Acute Diseases in Children and the Elderly

What are the similarities and the differences in how children and the elderly contract and react to infectious diseases? Reference your response.

The common cold is considered an acute disease. What is the treatment for the disease? Are there different approaches to treatment for the elderly or infants? Why, or why not?

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RESPONSE:

1. What are the similarities and the differences in how children and the elderly contract and react to infectious diseases? Reference your response.

According to Dr. Moshe Ipp (n.d.), children, like the elderly and those with lowered immunity, are particularly susceptible to emerging infections, meaning they both contract infectious diseases easier than those without a compromised immune system, and can also react with more severe symptoms as well (http://www.utoronto.ca/kids/emerging.htm). We all are at risk, but babies, young children and the elderly can very quickly become very ill when infected (http://www.west-norfolk.gov.uk/Default.aspx?page=21409).

For example, salmonellosis is an infection with a bacteria called Salmonella. Most persons infected with Salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours after infection. The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and most persons recover without treatment. However, in some persons the diarrhea may be so severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized. In these patients, the Salmonella infection may spread from the intestines to the blood stream, and then to other body sites and can cause death unless the person is treated promptly with antibiotics. The elderly, infants, and those with impaired immune systems are more likely to have a severe illness (http://www.medic8.com/infectious-diseases/salmonellosis.htm).

2a. The common cold is considered an acute disease. What is the treatment for the disease?

Treatment of the common cold - There is no cure for the common cold, but you can get relief from your cold symptoms by

· Resting in bed
· Drinking plenty of fluids
· Gargling with warm salt water or using throat sprays or lozenges for a scratchy or sore throat
· Using petroleum jelly for a raw nose
· Taking aspirin or acetaminophen?Tylenol, for example?for headache or fever
· Over-the-counter remedies (http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/healthscience/healthtopics/colds/treatment.htm).

2b. Are there different approaches to treatment for ...

Solution Summary

This solution compares the similarities and the differences in how children and the elderly contract and react to infectious diseases. Treatment for the common cold is then discussed, including different approaches to treatment for the elderly or infants, and why.

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