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Fibromyalgia Case Study for Health Science Students

Mrs. Oliver has pain and stiffness in the muscles and tendons of her shoulders, legs, and neck. She had osteoarthritis too. Her discomfort increases during stress. She is depressed.

What may be the diagnosis?
What is her substance P level?
What are the other signs and symptoms?
What are the treatments?

Solution Preview

Mrs. Oliver has pain and stiffness in the muscles and tendons of her shoulders, legs, and neck. She had osteoarthritis too. Her discomfort increases during stress. She is depressed.

What may be the diagnosis?

For this specific case, it sounds as if Mrs. Oliver is suffering from fibromyalgia, a medical condition that results in widespread pain throughout the body. The name of the disease is derived from Greek and Latin origins which describe her symptoms perfectly: fibro (fibrous tissues, such as connective tissue like tendons), myo (muscles), algia (pain).

Fibromyalgia is often present in individuals who also suffer from stress-related conditions and depression. In terms of Mrs. Oliver's depression, it may be a contributing factor for her pain and stiffness, or the depression may be a result of her pain and stiffness. For example, it seems logical that her stress and pain would cause her to have un-restful sleep which could ...

Solution Summary

This 500 word response provides explanations for four questions specific to a case study regarding muscular discomfort. A diagnosis for Mrs. Oliver is provided, as well as discussion related to substance P, signs and symptoms, and possible treatments.

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