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Causes of Infant Mortality in the US

Gather and analyze data about infant mortality rates in the U.S. Then study research into the medical causes of infant mortality.

Using the Online Library, select and read five articles in peer-reviewed journals such as the Journal of Epidemiology, Journal of Environment Health, and the Journal of Applied Epidemiology regarding medical causes of infant mortality.

Develope an annotated bibliography of the five articles, which should include a one-page summary of each article. Write an original summary; do not copy the abstract. In the summary, include the following:

1. The study's hypothesis or objective.
2. The study's methodological approach.
3. The study's pertinent findings.
4. The study's conclusions.

In another two pages, bring together information that was gathered discussing the causes of infant mortality. Rank the causes by order of importance as one would see it.

Solution Preview

A quick google search shows this page from the CIA factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html

As you can see, infant mortality in the US is estimated to be six deaths per 1000 live births, which is quite low compared to developing countries but still not within the top 10 when compared to other developed countries.

To search the scientific literature online for articles on the medical causes of infant mortality, the following resource is invaluable:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed

PubMed is a useful search tool because it lists peer-reviewed studies and allows you to filter results to suit your needs. In this case, I simply typed the words "infant mortality" in the search box. To narrow down the results, I applied several filters (available on the lefthand side): I restricted the results to studies with free full text, studies on humans, and studies published in 2005 or later. This narrowed down the field to less than 5000 studies. Useful tabs on the right also allow you to find articles with the words you're searching for in the title. Based on the parameters I mentioned above I was able to select five relevant articles:

The challenge of infant mortality: have we reached a plateau? http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19753945

Infant mortality statistics from the 2007 period linked birth/infant death data set. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21957694

Child mortality estimation: accelerated progress in reducing global child mortality, 1990-2010. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22952441

Child mortality estimation: estimating sex differences in childhood mortality since the 1970s. ...

Solution Summary

This solution summarizes five peer-reviewed articles on the medical causes of infant mortality in the US, including the objective, methods, pertinent findings, and conclusions. The different causes of infant mortality are then ranked in order of importance.

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