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Sentence Structure Exercises

Common grammatical errors are examined and fixed.

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Your answers reflect your strong effort in the grammatical areas. Please refer to my suggestions below:

1. The following word group is a FRAGMENT: That movie, one of my favorites.
True

2. The following word group is a FRAGMENT: The local baseball team, needing a good pitcher most of all.

True since it lacks a verb. Needing describes the team in the form of an appositive.

3. The following word group is a FRAGMENT: Using a flashlight, he looked under the bed for his shoes.

False

4. The capitalized verb agrees with the subject: Three employees from our company and one from our competitor WAS fired.

False

5. The capitalized verb agrees with the subject: Three of my friends LIKE this band.
True

6. The capitalized verb agrees with the subject: Six girls and one boy WAS in the dance class.
False

7. Quotation marks are correctly used in the following sentence, the entire sentence is correctly punctuated, and all words in the sentence are correctly capitalized:
"This is a fantastic opportunity", the salesman insisted.

False

8. Quotation marks are correctly used in the following sentence, the entire sentence is correctly punctuated, and all words in the sentence are correctly capitalized:
"Are you serious ?!?" Fred asked.

False

9. Quotation marks are correctly used in the following sentence, the entire sentence is correctly punctuated, and all words in the sentence are correctly capitalized:
My best friend said that "She'd heard something like that."

False

Part II: Multiple Choice
In the following sentences, identify if the word grouping contains sentence fragments, a comma splice, or a run-on sentence, or if the grouping is a complete sentence.

10. Cats, unlike dogs and fond of sitting on laps.
__ Sentence fragment.
_X_ Comma splice
Run-on sentence.
__ Complete sentence (contains no error)

11. I don't know what you want me to do, the directions are not clear.
__ Sentence fragment.
__ Comma splice
X__ Run-on sentence.
Complete sentence (contains no error)

12. While I like bacon, it is not good for me.
__ Sentence fragment.
X Comma splice
__ Run-on sentence.
__ Complete sentence ...

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