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Deductive Argument/ Third World Farmer

Question 1: Think of a deductive argument (either valid or fallacious) that you encountered over the last 1-2 weeks or the past month. Share it and analyze it in two paragraphs.

Question 2: Go to the following website: http://www.3rdworldfarmer.com/

When you are done playing, complete the following questions:

a. Game Environment: Note the visuals, music, and other environmental elements of the game. Games create a world for their players. What can you infer based upon the designer's decisions for the world you engaged? Select 2-3 notable examples, and comment on them.

b. Game System: What are the rules of the game? What claims about the world does the game make based upon the provided rules? Select 1-2 notable examples and comment on them.

c. Summarize: Based upon the above examples that you mentioned, briefly summarize the central argument of this game in your own words.

d. Test: Does the game make a valid deductive argument? Why or why not?

Solution Preview

Tough one! Hope this helps - it's also attached.

Question 1: Think of a deductive argument (either valid or fallacious) that you encountered over the last 1-2 weeks or the past month. Share it and analyze it in two paragraphs.

Yesterday, as I was going to school, I was amazed at the unusual amount of heavy traffic. I deduced the following:
- Heavy traffic is caused by accidents and road construction.
- Traffic is worse than normal.
- There must be an accident or road construction ahead.
In establishing this argument, I created a broad premise ('traffic is caused by accidents and road construction'). If the established premise is true than its specific conclusion must be true also. This sort of reasoning follows a circular pattern, allowing one to draw conclusions based on premise.

However, in considering the truth of the conclusion of this deductive argument, I need to consider the validity of the form of the argument and the verity of its premise. The validity of the form is determined by the application of the established rules of the deductive arguments. That is, if the premise is true, then the conclusion will be true. However, looking at the verity of its premise I realized that my deductive argument was not sound. The premise established is correct, accidents and road construction do cause traffic; however, it fails to consider other reasons that could be causing traffic, including perhaps police activity or a holiday parade. Therefore, my deductive argument is sound (my premises are correct) and valid (accidents and road construction do cause traffic) but not all-inclusive.

Question 2:
Go to the following website: http://www.3rdworldfarmer.com/

When you are done playing, complete the following ...

Solution Summary

This solution gives an example of a deductive argument and analyzes it. It also goes to the Third World Farmer website and discusses the game's components, rules, and central argument of the game. It discusses if the game makes a valide deductive argument.

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