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Controversy in the Field of Learning Disabilities

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Why is there so much confusion and controversy in the field of LD?

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https://brainmass.com/education/schools-communities/controversy-in-the-field-of-learning-disabilities-522867

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To begin, there are so many definitions for the term "learning disability". Which is where most of the confusion and controversy stem from. According to the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities, "Learning disabilities is a general term that refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, or mathematical abilities. These disorders are intrinsic to the individual and presumed to be due to central nervous system dysfunction, and may occur across the life-span. Problems in self-regulatory behaviors, social perception, and social interaction may exist with learning disabilities but do not by themselves constitute a learning disability. Although learning disabilities may occur concomitantly with other handicapping conditions, (for example, sensory impairment, mental retardation, serious emotional disturbance) or with extrinsic influences (such as cultural differences, insufficient or inappropriate instruction), they are not the result of those conditions or influences." (http://www.portals.emory.edu/definitions/learning.html). On the other hand, according to The Interagency Committee on Learning Disabilities, "Learning disabilities is a generic term that refers to a heterogeneous group of disorders manifested by significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, and writing, reasoning, or mathematical abilities or of social skills. These disorders are intrinsic to the individual and though a learning disability may occur concomitantly with other handicapping conditions (e.g. sensory impairment, mental retardation, social and emotional disturbance) with social environmental influences (e.g. cultural differences, insufficient or inappropriate instruction, psychogenic factors) and ...

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Discusses the current controversies over learning disabilities.

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Paper on Building Learning Objective

Building Learning Organizations

Length: 8 - 10 double-spaced pages (excluding title and reference pages)

APA standards and cite five or more scholarly sources including three peer-reviewed journal articles.

Part I: Case Analysis
Select an organization that is currently not a learning organization in which one or more system archetypes and learning disabilities are evident; the case analysis works best when you select a team or department with which you are familiar. For example, rather than selecting the entire military, focus on the specific unit where you are (or were) assigned.

Briefly describe the organization, identifying a specific problem or challenge that exists. Diagnose the problem by describing one or more system archetypes, and one or more learning disabilities that impact it. Your analysis must include theoretical definitions of the selected system archetype and learning disability as well as a description of how each affects the problem or challenge in this organization (3 - 4 pages).

Part II: Recommendations and Action Plan
For the organization discussed in the Case Analysis, recommend an action plan to transform it into a learning organization. The action plan must include one or more specific activities for each of the five disciplines that could be utilized over time to create positive change with the organization; these activities may come from The Fifth Discipline Fieldbook or other academic sources. For example, in preparing a recommendation for systems thinking, begin by identifying leverage point(s) for change for the system archetype(s) discussed in the case analysis, and then discuss strategies to address it (4 - 6 pages).

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